Moscow Art Theater

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Moscow Art Theater,

Russian repertory company founded in 1897 by Constantin StanislavskyStanislavsky, Constantin
, 1863–1938, Russian theatrical director, teacher, and actor, whose original name was Constantin Sergeyevich Alekseyev. He was cofounder with Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko of the Moscow Art Theater in 1898, which he would remain associated with for
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 and Vladimir Nemirovich-DanchenkoNemirovich-Danchenko, Vladimir
, 1859–1943, Russian stage director, cofounder and director of the Moscow Art Theater. Prior to his historical meeting with Constantin Stanislavsky in 1897, he was an actor, war correspondent, novelist, music and drama critic, and playwright.
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. Its work created new concepts of theatrical production and marked the beginning of modern theater. Rebelling against the highly stylized theater of the 19th cent., the founders set out to create instead a true ensemble theater based on a realistic method of acting and production. Their productions of ChekhovChekhov, Anton Pavlovich
, 1860–1904, Russian short-story writer, dramatist, and physician, b. Taganrog. The son of a grocer and grandson of a serf, Chekhov earned enduring international acclaim for his stories and plays.
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's plays, especially suitable to the company's subtle and intense style, brought fame to both Chekhov and the theater. Other memorable productions were Tolstoy's Czar Fyodor Ivanovitch, Dostoyevsky's Brothers Karamazov, and Gorky's Lower Depths. The company made several successful tours of the United States. It has continued its classic repertoire while reflecting in new productions the political changes within Russia over the years.


See N. M. Gorchakov, Stanislavksy Directs (1954); N. Houghton, Moscow Rehearsals (1962) and Return Engagement (1962); O. M. Sayler, Inside the Moscow Art Theatre (1925, repr. 1970); P. A. Markov, The Soviet Theatre (1978).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Bulgakov wrote his Turbins for the psychological depth of the actors at the Moscow Art Theater, while Kulish wrote Sonata for Les' Kurbas's experimental Berezil Theater Company, the most avant-garde troupe in Soviet Ukraine.
In 1922, Stanislavsky appointed Michael Chekhov artistic director of the Second Moscow Art Theater. There Chekhov produced Hamlet, playing the title role and incorporating into the production much of the Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner's ideas about stage movement, tempo and speech.
It was not Russian theater in general that attracted so much attention in the twenties but the Moscow Art Theater in particular.
He worked for the Theater Guild until the Group Theater was formed to apply the methods developed by Stanislavski and the Moscow Art Theater. In 1931 he joined the Group Theater, and his early plays were well suited to its naturalistic methods.
It's hardly Sam Shepard meets the Moscow Art Theater, and it won't have the legs of Landau's brilliant version of "The Time of Your Life." But it does prove Steppenwolf can handle the classics.
The Moscow Art Theater opened with Aleksey Tolstoy's Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich in October 1898.
Vladimir Nemirovich, who adapted The Devils and The Brothers Karamazov for the Moscow Art Theater at the turn of the century, thought Dostoyevsky's grasp of modern human psychology made his novels a perfect vehicle for Stanislavsky disciples.
The center also has a cabaret program (which is being retooled) and has links with the Moscow Art Theater.