Moscow Canal


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Moscow Canal

 

an artifical waterway connecting the Moscow and Volga rivers. The canal, whose construction was begun late in 1932, was opened on July 15, 1937. In 1947, in connection with the celebration of Moscow’s 800th anniversary, its name was changed from the Moscow-Volga Canal to the Moscow Canal. The waterway’s total length is 128 km, including 19.5 km through reservoirs.

The Moscow Canal originates on the right bank of the Volga River, near the town of Dubna and 8 km above the mouth of the Dubna River. A dam was built at this site on the Volga to form the Volga, or Ivan’kovo, reservoir, which is sometimes called the Moscow Sea. The canal extends southward from the Volga toward the city of Moscow, intersecting the Klin-Dmitrov ridge. Nine locks have been built along the channel. The Volga slope, extending from the Ivan’kovo reservoir (124 m above sea level) to the watershed race has five levels. The race has an elevation of 162 m above sea level. The Moscow slope has four levels.

In addition to the Ivan’kovo reservoir, other reservoirs have been created at Khimki, Kliaz’ma, Pialovo, Uchino, Pestovo, and Ikshina. Eight hydroelectric power plants have been constructed along the canal, the largest being the Ivan’kovo power plant. The principal landings are Dmitrov, Iakhroma, and Bol’-shaia Volga. The North Moscow port is located in Khimki. There are landings for short-haul routes in Pirogovo, Tishkovo, Khlebnikovo, Vodniki, Zelenaia Gavan’, and Solnechnaia Poliana.

The construction of the Moscow Canal solved the problems of supplying water to Moscow and of regulating the flow of the Moscow River. The canal has transformed Moscow into a large river port, connected to the White, Baltic, Caspian, Azov, and Black seas. The cargo consists primarily of timber, building materials, petroleum, food products, and industrial goods.

Structures associated with the canal consist of complex hydraulic and structural units. The locks, with their control towers and pumping stations, and the dams are sophisticated examples of engineering. Particularly noteworthy are the Karamyshev dam (architect A. M. Rukhliadev), lock no. 3 (architects V. Ia. Movchan and others), lock no. 5 (architect D. B. Savitskii), locks nos. 7 and 8 (architect V. F. Krinskii), and lock no. 9 (architect A. M. Rukhliadev).

Each lock is dominated architecturally by massive control towers, which are embellished with light decorative superstructures or sculptures. The walls of the towers are decorated with memorial plaques, Soviet government emblems, and bas-reliefs depicting episodes from the canal’s construction. Another of the canal’s important structures is the Khimki river terminal (architects A. M. Rukhliadev, V. F. Krinskii, and others), in front of which is a park with fountains (sculptor I. S. Efimov). Health resorts, houses of rest, boarding houses, and sport facilities are located along the reservoirs.

REFERENCE

[Sobotovich, I. D. , and Sobotovich, F. P. ] Po kanalu imeni Moskvy. Moscow, 1962. [A guide book.]
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the head of the Moscow Canal Federal State Budgetary Institution German Elyanyushkin, the popularity of river cruises is growing by 715% every year.
The ship is designed to carry passengers on cruise lines on waterways of the European part of Russia (Volga, Neva, Don, Ladoga and Onega lakes, Volga-Baltic Canal, Moscow Canal, Volga-Don Canal), with the possibility of access to the Black, Azov and Caspian Seas.
The 10-night trip will include nine tours and there will be traditional dance and folklore classes as the ship sails along the Volga, Svir and Moscow canal. Fares start at [euro]1,566pp with departures in May, June, July, August and September.
Zagorodny Kvartal, spanning 111 hectares, is being built alongside the Moscow Canal.
Zagorodny Kvartal (meaning Country Quarter) spans 111 hectares and is being built alongside the Moscow Canal. The project is designed to bring the great outdoors into the everyday lives of residents and visitors, and provide quality urban-style accommodation in a countryside setting.
Located 24km north-west of Moscow, Zagorodny Kvartal - meaning Country Quarter - is being built alongside the Moscow Canal. More than half of the master plan comprises communal, green, open space, bringing the great outdoors into the everyday lives of residents and visitors, and providing quality urban-style accommodation in a countryside setting.
Located 24km north-west of Moscow, Zagorodny Kvartal -- meaning Country Quarter -- is being built alongside the Moscow Canal. More than half of the master plan comprises communal, green, open space, bringing the great outdoors into the everyday lives of residents and visitors, and providing quality urban-style accommodation in a countryside setting.
Here we have (mentally) unhealthy people, which made things more complicated." Some people stood on the opposite bank of the Moscow canal from the hospital, trying to get across to check whether their relatives had survived.
Limitless and its Russian partner RDI Group have selected Moscow-based Fodd as general contractor for two apartment buildings, containing 78 residential units at ZagorodnyKvartal, a joint venture between Limitless and RDI, alongside the Moscow Canal.
Located 24km north-west of Moscow, Zagorodny Kvartal, meaning Country Quarter, is being constructed alongside the Moscow Canal. It is designed to bring the great outdoors into the everyday lives of residents and visitors, providing quality urban-style accommodation in a countryside setting.
Located 24km north-west of Moscow, Zagorodny Kvartal -- which means 'Country Quarter' in Russian - is being constructed alongside the Moscow Canal.

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