Moses Mendelssohn


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Mendelssohn, Moses

 

Born Sept. 6, 1729, in Dessau; died Jan. 4, 1786, in Berlin. German idealist philosopher and representative of the moderate wing of the German Enlightenment.

Mendelssohn came to Berlin in 1742, subsequently becoming a tutor to the children of a manufacturer and later his book-keeper. Together with G. E. Lessing, Mendelssohn wrote Pope the Metaphysician, published anonymously in 1755, defending Leibniz’ theodicy against the criticism of the English poet A. Pope. Mendelssohn was one of the most important popularizers of the teachings of Leibniz and C. Wolff and attacked Voltaire’s critique of Leibniz’ theodicy. In his treatises on the existence of god (Morgenstunden, 1785) and the immortality of the soul he added moral and theological proof to the arguments of Plato and Leibniz (Phaedo, or on the Immortality of the Soul, 1767; Russian translation, 1811). He called for toleration and religious freedom and advocated the separation of church and state. The controversy between Mendelssohn and F. Jacobi over Lessing’s Spinozism led to a dispute about Spinoza’s pantheism, in which many German philosophers of the time became involved.

WORKS

Gesammelte Schriften: Jubilaumsausgabe, vols. 1-16. Berlin, 1929.
Schriften zur Philosophic, Asthetik und Apologetik, vols. 1-2. Hildesheim, 1968.
In Russian translation:
Rassuzhdenie o dukhovnom svoistve dushi chelovecheskoL Moscow, 1806.

REFERENCES

Gulyga, A. V. Iz istorii nemetskogo materializma. Moscow, 1962.
Kayserling, M. M. Mendelssohn: Sein Leben und Wirken, 2nd ed. Leipzig, 1888.
Bamberger, F. Die geistige Gestalt M. Mendelssohns. Frankfurt-am-Main, 1929.
Baumgardt, D. Spinosa und Mendelssohn. Berlin, 1932.
Nador, G. M. Mendelssohn. Hannover, 1969.

T. M. RUMIANTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Some of them succeed, like Moses Mendelssohn: Moses Mendelssohn, the grandfather of the famous German composer, was hunch backed.
In chapter 6, Elias Sacks looks at Moses Mendelssohn's translation of the psalms and treatment of biblical music.
Their topics include his highness: God's voice and the autoimmune in two royal psalms, oral tales and written truth in the early reception history of Septuagint Psalm 118(119), the voice of the psalmist: on the performative role of Psalms in Moses Mendelssohn's Jerusalem, and Paul Celan: the last psalmist.
If Hess focused in his second book primarily on Jewish philosophers, such as Moses Mendelssohn, he broke new ground in his third book by moving into the domain of fiction.
Moses Mendelssohn's "fateful decision" to name God the "Eternal One" inaugurates a more than 150-year long history of German Jewish Bible translation culminating, and coming to an unforeseen closure, in the Buber-Rosenzweig Verdeutschung and in Rosenzweig's own rejection of Mendelssohn's choice.
After all, when's the last time you heard a good one about the learned philosopher Moses Mendelssohn?
In "Between Two Worlds," Kirsch follows the rocky road of the Jewish Enlightenment in eighteenth century Germany, as seen in the Autobiography of Solomon Maimon (1753-1800) and Jerusalem by Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786).
Moses Mendelssohn, a self-educated German philosopher, respected by Jews and Christians alike, advised Jews emigrating front the east, particularly the Ashkenazi, to leave their self-initiated ghettoes, learn the German language, and adopt the culture of the nation in which they settled.
En un texto de 1935 en honor a Martin Buber (1878-1965), Arendt escribe que, al principio de la emancipacion, la traduccion de la Biblia de Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786) habia sacado del gueto a la juventud judia, y que en 1920 Martin Buber y Franz Rosenzweig (1886-1929), con una nueva traduccion, condujeron de nuevo a los judios asimilados hacia su tradicion.
Jacobi, F.H., 2013, Cartas sobre la doctrina de Spinoza al senor Moses Mendelssohn [Uber die Lehre des Spinoza in Briefen an den Herrn Moses Mendelssohn, 1785], en M.J.
1) No es comun nacer en el seno de una familia ilustre (mas bien es al reves); tan asi, que el abuelo del compositor fue ni mas ni menos que el celebre filosofo Moses Mendelssohn, defensor imperterrito de los derechos civiles de los judios.
Beginning with Moses Mendelssohn (chapter one) and ending with Hannah Arendt, he lays out "the emergence of a liberal Jewish ethos" (6) as he travels through common stops along the way: Wissenschaft des Judentums, Leopold Zunz, Heinrich Heine, and Heinrich Graetz (chapter two), Abraham Geiger (chapter three), and Hermann Cohen (chapter four).