Sharett, Moshe

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Sharett, Moshe

(mō`shə shərĕt`), 1894–1965, Israeli statesman, b. Russia, originally named Shertok. In 1906 he emigrated to Palestine where he was active in the labor movement. In 1933 he became head of the political department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine. Sharett was David Ben-Gurion's closest associate in the struggle for an independent Jewish state. In 1948 he was appointed foreign minister of Israel and from 1953 to 1955 served as prime minister. He resigned from the government in 1956. Sharet sought to strengthen Israel's position by statesmanship rather than confrontation, emphasizing "caution" rather than "courage." His replacement as premier by Ben-Gurion in 1955 and retirement in 1956 reflected the movement in Israel toward confrontation that resulted in the 1956 Arab-Israeli War.

Bibliography

See biography by M. Z. Rosensaft (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill is credited with green-lighting the brigade to see action in September 1944, following entreaties by future Israeli Prime Minister Moshe Sharett.
Moshe Sharett, Israel's first Foreign Minister and later a Prime Minister once said:
The name Moshe Sharett may be familiar: He was the second Prime Minister of Israel, sandwiched between the two terms of the titan David Ben-Gurion.
Prime Minister Moshe Sharett was colder and more intellectual than she.
The personal diary of Moshe Sharett, one of Zionism's chief diplomats before 1948 and Israel's first foreign minister and prime minister from 1953 to 1955, sheds light on this important question.
Let's go back to 1954 and to the documented letter exchange between two Israeli Prime Ministers, David Ben Gurion and Moshe Sharett.
Moreover, Moshe Sharett's original family name was Shertok; Yitzhak Shamir's original family name was Jeziernicky; Golda Meir's original name was Mabovitch and she was originally from Kiev; and Ariel Sharon's original family name was Scheinermann, and he was originally from RussiaC*and so forth and so on all the way to Netanyahu.
Although many Arab leaders privately accepted that peace with Israel was necessary and inevitable -- including Sadat's predecessor Gamal Abdel-Nasser who conducted promising secret peace contacts with then Israeli Prime Minister Moshe Sharett --none at the time were bold enough to say it publicly.
"Yitzhak Rabin, Golda Meir and Moshe Sharett (all former Labor prime ministers) are turning over in their graves," Pines-Paz declared.
His prime minister Mohsin Al Barazi even told an American diplomat in Damascus: "I am probably committing political suicide, and even taking a calculated risk of assassination by agreeing to meet Israeli foreign minister Moshe Sharett in the hope of getting American assistance to get my country on its feet." He then addressed the US attachE[umlaut] in Syria and solemnly said: "Your country must not let me down!"
Yet Gilbert demonstrates that, when all was said and done, Churchill deserved the testimonial sent to him on his eightieth birthday by Moshe Sharett, the Foreign Minister of Israel: "'Your staunch advocacy of the Zionist idea, your belief in its justice and ultimate triumph, and your joy in its consummation with the rise of an independent Israel, have earned for you the everlasting gratitude of the Jewish people'" (p.