Victoria Falls

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Victoria Falls,

waterfall, c.1 mi (1.6 km) wide with a maximum drop of 420 ft (128 m), in the ZambeziZambezi
, river, c.1,700 mi (2,740 km) long, rising in NW Zambia, S central Africa, and flowing in an S-shaped course generally E through E Angola, along the Zambia-Zimbabwe border, and through central Mozambique to the Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean, near Chinde.
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 River, S central Africa, on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border. The falls are formed as the Zambezi plummets into a narrow chasm (c.400 ft/120 m wide) carved by its waters along a fracture zone in the earth's crust. Numerous islets at the crest of the falls divide the water to form a series of falls. The thick mist and loud roar produced there are perceptible from a distance of about 25 mi (40 km). The Boiling Pot, the beginning of a winding gorge (c.50 mi/80 km long) through which the river flows below the falls, is spanned by a 650 ft (198 m) long bridge that is 310 ft (94 m) above the river. The gorge is now partially submerged as a result of the construction of the Kariba DamKariba Dam
, hydroelectric project, in Kariba Gorge of the Zambezi River, on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border, S central Africa; built 1955–59. One of the world's largest dams, it is 420 ft (128 m) high and 1,900 ft (579 m) long.
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. David LivingstoneLivingstone, David
, 1813–73, Scottish missionary and explorer in Africa, the first European to cross the African continent. From 1841 to 1852, while a medical missionary for the London Missionary Society in what is now Botswana, he crossed the Kalahari desert and reached
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, the British explorer, visited the falls in 1855 and named them for Queen Victoria. The falls are part of two national parks and draw many tourists to the area.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Victoria Falls


one of the largest waterfalls in the world. Located on the Zambezi River in southern Africa, it is 1,800 m in width. The water plunges down over the lip from a height of 120 m into a narrow (130 m) and deep (140 m) gorge of basalt rocks, forming gigantic columns of water spray. The natives call this waterfall Mosi-oa-tunya, “the smoke which thunders,” or Seongo, “the rainbow.” During the course of the year the water discharge varies greatly; on an average it amounts to about 1,400 cu m per sec. These falls were discovered in 1855 by the British explorer D. Livingstone and were named after the British queen.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
FORCE OF NATUR ATURA E Unforgettable sight of Victoria Falls, also known as Mosi-oa-Tunya, the smoke that thunders
This is Mosi-oa-Tunya, or the Smoke That Thunders, the series of spectacular cataracts that Dr David Livingstone - the Scottish medical missionary, writer and explorer - became the first European to discover in 1855.
Shooting 1,000 feet into the sky, it can be seen 3o miles away, hence the name Mosi-oa-Tunya.
The resort, situated within the 46-hectare Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Wildlife Park, has many wonderful surprises.
The local Makololo tribe called them Mosi-oa-Tunya, "smoke that thunders", but Livingstone renamed them after his Queen.
He went deep into Africa on missions to open up the Zambezi River and find the source of the Nile, and was the first Western European to set eyes on Mosi-oa-Tunya, 'the smoke that thunders', which he renamed Victoria Falls to please his queen.
(NA April 05) please let me inform you that the Tokaleya people, who are indigenous to the area surrounding Victoria Falls, did not call the falls Mosi-oa-Tunya before the arrival of Dr Livingstone to that area.
e He was the first European to see Mosi-oa-Tunya waterfall, naming after Queen Victoria.
Free time is provided during each day for trips to Victoria Falls, viewing hippos in the river, game drives in the Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park, spa treatments, and more in this land of rich scenic beauty and abundant wildlife.
You can fly into Livingstone and transfer to one of a handful of plush hotels, all within spitting distance of the stunning Mosi-oa-Tunya, or as we call them, the Victoria Falls.
With an average yearly ow of 935 m3/sec, the Victoria Falls are on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe and are known to the local people as Mosi-oa-tunya, or "the smoke that thunders." The rst European to discover the falls was David Livingstone in 1855; he named them after Queen Victoria.