Moskovskie Vedomosti

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Moskovskie Vedomosti


(Moscow Gazette), a newspaper published in Moscow from 1756 to 1917. Until 1842 it was published twice a week, and then three times a week. It became a daily in 1859, and it was owned by Moscow University until 1909.

Moskovskie vedomosti was the most widely circulated newspaper in Russia until the mid-19th century. From 1779 to 1789 it was leased by N. I. Novikov. During that period the newspaper published articles on literature, art, and science, statistical information, and bibliographies, as well as articles on domestic and foreign news. It also published supplements. In 1840, under the editorial direction of E. F. Korsh, Moskovskie vedomosti became an important literary and social publication.

After 1863, however, under the editorship of M. N. Katkov (until 1887) and P. M. Leont’ev (until 1875), the newspaper became reactionary and was very influential among the bureaucratic elite. The government publically supported Moskovskie vedomosti, which demanded “firm power,” defended the interests of the nobility, opposed the Polish liberation movement and any manifestation of progressive thought, attacked the reforms of the 1860’s, and criticized the government’s pro-German foreign policy.

Under Katkov’s successors, including V. A. Gringmut and L. A. Tikhomirov, Moskovskie vedomosti became a Black Hundred newspaper that advocated pogroms and the persecution of workers and the revolutionary intelligentsia. Moskovskie vedomosti was closed after the October Revolution, on Oct. 27 (Nov. 9), 1917.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1864, Fadeev recounted and justified the Russian penetration of the Caucasus in his "Letters from Tiflis," which he published in Mikhail Nikiforovich Katkov's conservative Moskovskie vedomosti.
Katkov supported Bunge's replacement, Ivan Alekseevich Vyshnegradskii, who had published articles against Bunge in Moskovskie vedomosti in 1883-84 and attracted Witte to this campaign in 1885.
To stem the tide of opposition from Giubbenet's party, Witte used Moskovskie vedomosti as a tool of self-promotion.
While Witte and Vyshnegradskii used Moskovskie vedomosti in their struggle against Transportation Minister Giubbenet, Meshcherskii's support resulted in Giubbenet's dismissal in January 1892 and Witte's promotion to the vacant post a month later.
Although Witte agreed with the conservative ideology of Moskovskie vedomosti, he remained critical of the absence from its pages of a constructive economic program.
Faced with the decision of whether to lift the ban on grain exports, which the famine of 1891-92 had necessitated, Alexander III's government procrastinated until Witte decided to take charge, handing Co-Editor Vladimir Andreevich Gringmut a draft of an article to appear on the front page of Moskovskie vedomosti in favor of lifting the ban and restarting the flow of income from exports.
So little was known about him by the general public that a careless reporter for the newspaper Moskovskie vedomosti could inform his readers that "the late composer was survived by a wife and children" (p.