Moskovskii Telegraf

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Moskovskii Telegraf


(Moscow Telegraph), a Russian biweekly literary and scientific journal published by N. A. Polevoi in Moscow from 1825 to 1834.

Until the early 1830’s the journal’s literary department was controlled by progressive writers. P. A. Viazemskii was in charge of the department of criticism, and the journal published works by well-known writers such as A. S. Pushkin, V. A. Zhukovskii, E. A. Baratynskii, W. K. Kiichelbecker, and N. M. Iazykov. Its literary program was marked by romantic tendencies, which were revealed in sharp polemics against the normative aesthetics of classicism.

In scientific articles Moskovskii telegraf endeavored to promote the development of industry and trade and emphasized the progressive role of the merchant. It elucidated questions of political economy from a bourgeois point of view. From the early 1830’s the position of Moskovskii telegraf grew contradictory. In addition to progressive, antifeudal tendencies, it began to reflect loyalist attitudes typical of the Russian bourgeoisie. The Viazemskii-Pushkin group left the journal, and representatives of the third estate, such as A. F. Vel’tman, I. I. Lazhechnikov, and N. F. Pavlov, became the journal’s main contributors.

Moskovskii telegraf was shut down by a personal order of Nicholas I, because Polevoi published an unfavorable review of N. V. Kukol’nik’s play The Hand of the Almighty Has Saved the Fatherland, which expressed a spurious patriotism.


Tatarinova, L. E. Zhumal “Moskovskii telegraf (1825–1834). Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(23) For a highly insightful discussion of Izmadov's Well-intentioned and of Pushkin's attitude towards it, see Oleg Proskurin, "Konets blagikh namerenii" ("Blagonamerennyi," "Moskovskii telegraf' i A.
For example, Reitblat recounts that Nikolai Polevoi had come to work quite closely with the authorities in his capacity as editor of the Moscow Telegraph (Moskovskii telegraf).
First, unlike the sporadic reporting about Turkey in the previous century, Vestnik Evropy, Syn otechestva, and later Moskovskii telegraf gave their readers a continuous close-up view of events in the neighboring empire just as its relative stability gave way to a deep crisis.
See Ksenofont Polevoi, "Poltava, poema Aleksandra Pushkina," Moskovskii telegraf 27:10 (1829), in Zelinskii, Russkaia kriticheskaia literatura, 2: 138-48, esp.
In the variants Pushkin articulated his view of the independence of the poet in the context of a concrete polemic which occurred among Pushkin and the writers of Moskovskii telegraf and Severnaia pchela.