Mosquito Coast


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Mosquito Coast

or

Mosquitia

(məskē`tēə, mōskētē`ä), region, east coast of Nicaragua and Honduras. The name is derived from the Miskito, the indigenous inhabitants and remnants of the ChorotegaChorotega
, aboriginal people and language group of Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Little is known of the Chorotega, primarily beause of the absence of extensive ruins.
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, who were never conquered by the Spanish. Never exactly delimited, the region is a belt c.40 mi (60 km) wide extending from the San Juan River north into NE Honduras. It is sultry and swampy, rising to low hills in the west. Lobstering has replaced banana cultivation as the major economic activity, but most inhabitants depend on subsistence farming.

In the early colonial period, English and Dutch buccaneers preyed on Spanish shipping from there, and English loggers exploited the forest. England established a protective kingdom at BluefieldsBluefields,
town (1995 pop. 30,208), capital of the South Atlantic Coast Autonomous Region and Zelaya dept., SE Nicaragua, on Bluefields Bay at the mouth of the Escondido River. It is Nicaragua's chief Caribbean port. Hardwoods and fish are exported.
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 in 1678. Slaves from Jamaica were brought in to increase the labor supply. In 1848, the British took San Juan del NorteSan Juan del Norte
, small town, SE Nicaragua, on the Caribbean Sea. Small quantities of bananas and hardwoods are exported. Also called Greytown, it was occupied (1848) by the British to secure control of the Mosquito Coast and to check the U.S.
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 to offset U.S. interest in a transisthmian route to California. Nicaragua protested the seizure. The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850) between the United States and Great Britain checked British expansion, but relinquishment of the coast was delayed until a separate treaty was concluded with Nicaragua (1860), which established the autonomy of the so-called Mosquito Kingdom.

In 1894, José Santos ZelayaZelaya, José Santos
, 1853–1919, president of Nicaragua (1894–1909). Although a leader of the Liberal party, he kept power by playing the Liberal and Conservative parties against each other and established an unswerving dictatorship.
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 ended the territory's anomalous position by forcibly incorporating it into Nicaragua. The northern part was awarded to Honduras in 1960 by the International Court of Justice, thus ending a long-standing dispute. The Miskitos clashed with Nicaragua's Sandinista government in the 1980s, and in 1987 they were officially given partial autonomy, including control over local natural resources. Little real change, however, has resulted, and the area remains impoverished. Land rights remain a source of conflict, and in more recent years there has been violent conflict between Miskitos and settlers seeking access to land and resources.

References in periodicals archive ?
"Historically, we've done a lot of good things for the population of the Mosquito Coast. Wawina is a village that's perfect for this type of effort.
The treaty ratified the 1803 cession of the islands to Nuevo Granada, the Spanish colony that included Colombia, while giving Nicaragua possession of the Mosquito Coast, now Nicaragua's Caribbean coast.
Roles in such famous productions as The Mosquito Coast, The Cook the Thief His Wife & Her Lover, The Madness of King George and Gosford Park all came after that milestone, as did arguably her most famous part, that of Jane Tennison in the long-running TV crime drama Prime Suspect.
The goal of this article is to reflect on the issue of cultural contact and to propose that the concept of cultural complementarity be used as way to explain certain cases, such as that between Africans and Amerindians on Cape "Gracias a Dios" on the Mosquito coast in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
of Florida) and Larry David Wilson (biology, Miami-Dade College) catalog the amphibians and reptiles in an area known to English speakers as the Mosquito Coast, which was the only part of Central America not conquered by the Spanish.
Five pairs the first 'American' films starring Harrison Ford: Witness (1985) and The Mosquito Coast (1986).
At Play in the Fields of the Lord (1991): evangelism and rainforest destruction; Medicine Man (1992): Sean Connery and Lorraine Bracco search for a cure to cancer in the rainforest; The Burning Season (TV, 1994): true story of murdered rubber tapper Chico Mendes; The Emerald Forest (1985): kidnapping of American child by Amazon tribe; Mosquito Coast (1986): Harrison Ford and family escape civilization; The Mission (1986): Robert DeNiro in a story based on real experiences of the Jesuits and Guarani Indians; Fitzcarraldo (1982): building an opera house in the Amazon; Star Trek 4: The Voyage Home (1986): rescuing humpback whales; Gorillas in the Mist (1988): Sigourney Weaver plays slain zoologist Dian Fossey.
I led expeditions in various places, including the Sinai Desert and in the jungle in Honduras - on the Mosquito Coast. I have also walked across parts of Peru and was an instructor for Operation Raleigh.
'The primary reason is I grew up with him, as Han Solo, as Indiana Jones, and eventually he played a role in one of my favourite films, Mosquito Coast.
Harrison Ford, who filmed The Mosquito Coast in Belize (formerly British Honduras), published a letter in Canada's Globe and Mail in Sept.
They still fish the sea and the freshwater lagoons along what is now known as the Mosquito Coast. They plant small gardens in the rain forest or on the sandy coastal plains, and hunt along the murky rivers of the interior.
Massachussets, el cuentista y novelista Paul Theroux, autor de The Mosquito Coast y The Old Patagonian Express.