mosquito

(redirected from Mosquitoe)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Mosquitoe: Mosquito bites

mosquito

(məskē`tō), small, long-legged insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of the order Diptera, the true fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The females of most species have piercing and sucking mouth parts and apparently they must feed at least once upon mammalian blood before their eggs can develop properly. The males may have beaks, or probosces, but cannot pierce, and they feed upon fruit and plant juices. The female produces the characteristic whining sound by vibrating thin horny membranes on the thorax. Mosquitoes have become adapted to extremes of climate and are found far north of the Arctic Circle, where they winter as larvae frozen in the ice.

Mosquito eggs are laid singly or glued together to form rafts, usually in stagnant water in ponds, pools, open containers, and other aquatic habitats—the particular type of habitat depending on the species. The aquatic larvae, or wrigglers, pass through four larval stages, feeding on microscopic animal and plant life. Except in the genus Anopheles, the wriggler has an air tube near the end of the abdomen and makes frequent trips to the surface to use it as a supplement to the gills. The pupa, or tumbler, shaped like a question mark, takes no food but surfaces often to breathe through air tubes on its thorax. One method of mosquito control is the spreading of oily substances on infested water, which prevents access to air and suffocates the pupae. In summer the life cycle may take only two weeks, resulting in several generations a year in some species.

During blood meals the females may either acquire or transmit various disease organisms. Several species of Anopheles mosquitoes, recognizable by their tilted resting position, carry the protozoan parasites that cause malariamalaria,
infectious parasitic disease that can be either acute or chronic and is frequently recurrent. Malaria is common in Africa, Central and South America, the Mediterranean countries, Asia, and many of the Pacific islands.
..... Click the link for more information.
; species of the genus Aedes transmit the viruses responsible for yellow feveryellow fever,
acute infectious disease endemic in tropical Africa and many areas of South and Central America. Yellow fever is caused by a virus transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes aegypti mosquito, which breeds in stagnant water near human habitations.
..... Click the link for more information.
, chikungunyachikungunya
, viral disease transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito. Symptoms appear after an incubation period of four to eight days and include sudden high fever, severe joint and muscle pain, and often headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash.
..... Click the link for more information.
, dengue feverdengue fever
, acute infectious disease caused by four closely related viruses and transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes mosquito; it is also known as breakbone fever and bone-crusher disease.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and Zika virusZika virus
, single-stranded RNA virus of the genus flavivirus that infects human and primates and causes a disease known as Zika fever or zika. It is primarily transmitted by the bite of a female Aedes
..... Click the link for more information.
; and in the S United States and in the tropics, members of the genus Culex, to which the common house mosquito belongs, are vectors of filariasis, the infection by a filarial worm that causes elephantiasiselephantiasis
, abnormal enlargement of any part of the body due to obstruction of the lymphatic channels in the area (see lymphatic system), usually affecting the arms, legs, or external genitals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and human encephalitisencephalitis
, general term used to describe a diffuse inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, usually of viral origin, often transmitted by mosquitoes, in contrast to a bacterial infection of the meninges (membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord), known as meningitis.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Culex species also transmit West Nile virusWest Nile virus,
microorganism and the infection resulting from it, which typically produces no symptoms or a flulike condition. The virus is a flavivirus and is related to a number of viruses that cause encephalitis.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Dragonflies, damselflies, and several insectivorous birds are the natural enemies of the adults; the wrigglers are eaten in large quantities by small fishes and aquatic insects. Control of these major insect pests by other than natural means poses many problems; the long-range harmful effects of many insecticidesinsecticides,
chemical, biological, or other agents used to destroy insect pests; the term commonly refers to chemical agents only. Chemical Insecticides

The modern history of chemical insecticides in the United States dates from 1867, when Paris green proved
..... Click the link for more information.
 are very serious, and swamp drainage tends to upset the balance of nature in addition to eliminating the mosquito.

Mosquitoes are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Culicidae.

Bibliography

See bulletins of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; study by A. Spielman and M. D'Antonio (2001).

mosquito

[mə′skēd·ō]
(invertebrate zoology)
Any member of the dipterous subfamily Culicinae; a slender fragile insect, with long legs, a long slender abdomen, and narrow wings.

mosquito

any dipterous insect of the family Culicidae: the females have a long proboscis adapted for piercing the skin of man and animals to suck their blood
References in periodicals archive ?
Alion village chief Marcialito 'Al' Balan of Alion named the program as 'Dalawang-daang lamok kapalit isang kilong bigas (Two hundred mosquitoes for one kilo of rice)'.
But do you know that more common herbs in the house can also repel mosquitoes?
According to the African News Agency, ANA, the Ugandan capital Kampala will establish an insectarium, where research on breeding these mosquitoes to spread a genetic mutation that is lethal to its own malaria-causing species will be conducted, the Daily Monitor reported on Tuesday.
Using radiation to sterilize mosquitoes, PNRI scientists are starting to develop the sterile insect technique (SIT) to reduce the population of Aedes aegypti, which serves as the vector for dengue, chikungunya and zika virus.
The Department of Science and Technology - Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI) is now developing a technology that will reduce the number of dengue mosquitoes.
The findings indicate that mosquitoes primarily depend on their sense of smell, and then their vision, to hone in on a target.
WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Some mosquitoes spread diseases to humans through their bite, passing along harmful pathogens like Zika, dengue fever, West Nile virus and chikungunya.
KARACHI -- Prevention and Control Program for Dengue(PCPD) Sindh has launched larvicidal activity in high risk areas of Karachi to control breeding and growth of mosquitoes 'aedes aegypti', the vector that causes dengue fever.
KARACHI -- Prevention and Control Program for Dengue (PCPD) Sindh has launched larvicidal activity in high risk areas of Karachi to control breeding and growth of mosquitoes 'aedes aegypti', the vector that causes dengue fever.
FAISALABAD -- Experts at a seminar on Wednesday called for taking special measures and creating public awareness to control mosquitoes borne diseases.
Mayors and inhabitants call for chemical sprays, but representatives of self-governing region oppose.While the dry weather caused the number of mosquitoes to not be very high last year in the Bratislava Region, the situation has now changed.
All indications are that the typical flood, or nuisance, mosquitoes should be harassing us within the next two weeks.