Montezuma

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Related to Motecuhzoma: Hernan Cortes, Quetzalcoatl, Francisco Pizarro

Montezuma

(mŏntĕso͞o`mä) or

Moctezuma

(mŏk–), 1480?–1520, Aztec emperor (c.1502–1520). He is sometimes called Montezuma II to distinguish him from Montezuma I (ruled 1440–69), who carried on conquests around TenochtitlánTenochtitlán
, ancient city in the central valley of Mexico. The capital of the Aztec, it was founded (c.A.D. 1345) on a marshy island in Lake Texcoco. It was a flourishing city (with an estimated population of between 200,000 and 300,000), connected with the mainland by
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. His reign was marked by incessant warfare, and his despotic rule caused grave unrest. When Hernán CortésCortés, Hernán,
or Hernando Cortez
, 1485–1547, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Mexico. Expedition to Mexico

Cortés went (1504) first to Hispaniola and later (1511) accompanied Diego de Velázquez to Cuba.
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 arrived in Mexico he was thus able to gain native allies, notably in the province of the Tlaxcala. Montezuma, believing the Spanish to be descendants of the god QuetzalcoatlQuetzalcoatl
[Nahuatl,=feathered serpent], ancient deity and legendary ruler of the Toltec in Mexico. The name is also that of a Toltec ruler, who is credited with the discovery of corn, the arts, science, and the calendar.
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, tried to persuade them to leave by offering rich gifts. That failing, he received them in his splendid court at Tenochtitlán in Nov., 1519. Cortés later seized him as a hostage and attempted to govern through him. In June, 1520, the Aztec rose against the Spanish. Montezuma was killed, although whether by the Spanish or the Aztec is not certain. His successor died a few months later and was replaced by CuauhtémocCuauhtémoc
, d. 1525, Aztec emperor. Succeeding the brother of Montezuma II in 1520, Cuauhtémoc failed to unite the native city-states of the Valley of Mexico against the Spanish after the expulsion of Hernán Cortés from Tenochtitlán.
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. Montezuma's name is linked by a legend to fabulous treasures that the Spanish appropriated and presumably lost at sea.

Bibliography

See H. Thomas, Conquest: Montezuma, Cortés, and the Fall of Old Mexico (1994).

Montezuma

 

Two Aztec rulers.

Montezuma I Born 1390; died circa 1469. Ruler of the Aztecs. Upon achieving Aztec subjugation of the other tribes of central Mexico, Montezuma became the leader of the resulting alliance and established his capital in the city of Tenochtitlan, the present-day Mexico City.

Montezuma II Born 1466; died 1520. Ruler of the Aztecs from 1503. The alliance of Indian tribes headed by Montezuma was maintained by force of arms. With the arrival of the Spaniards in Tenochtitlán, Montezuma was taken captive; he issued an appeal to submit to the Spaniards, for which he was killed by rebelling Indians.

References in periodicals archive ?
(2) E igualmente, ?como podemos carecer de obras melodramaticas alrededor del enorme dilema existencial de Motecuhzoma? ?No fue tan honda su disyuntiva vital al punto de tener ecos tragicos como los de un Hamlet mexicano?
Si el paralelismo entre las dos profecias sugerian ya la mezcla de identidades Cristo = Quetzalcoatl, Herodes = Motecuhzoma y Reyes Magos = Cortes y los espanoles, estas debian reforzarse en el guion de La adoracion para persuadir al auditorio a adoptar el cristianismo.
Si la ciudad de Texcoco forma parte de la excan tlatoyan o Triple Alianza regida por el uey tlahtoani mexica, la posicion de este cronista es, a la fuerza, mas comprometida y ambigua, puesto que debe censurar la inicial resistencia texcocana a los espanoles y los castigos de Cortes, poniendo en escena el verdadero motivo de la alianza: las luchas de poder entre distintas facciones texcocanas y las disputas de familias con derecho al trono, asi como la "parcialidad" de Motecuhzoma, que tercia en la disputa eligiendo un sucesor y, por tanto, desfavoreciendo al otro.
Agotados los recursos efectivos y narrativos (en el hiperbolico relato una guerra sin fin), la muerte de Motecuhzoma sella la huida.
Motecuhzoma (fortunately, the Anglicized "Montezuma" is used only in the title) was a successful general in the wars of expansion of the Aztec or Triple Alliance Empire [1486-1502] and was later elected emperor [1502-1520].
At the invitation of the Emperor Motecuhzoma, Hernan Cortes led his men across the great Tlalpan causeway into Tenochtitlan.
In this chapter we find migration myths and the famous story of Motecuhzoma sending the holy men to search for Chicomoztoc, the seven caves where the Aztec ancestors dwelled.
Para los ingleses, por supuesto que si, y no fueron los unicos, ya que despues de ellos surge un elenco de obras--europeas y norteamericanas, estas a partir de 1847, ano de la invasion a Mexico--alrededor de un vituperado Motecuhzoma que suman una treintena.
(33) Tlaloc vino a desplazar a Coyolxauhqui pero es probable que la gesta original estuviera presente todavia en el palimpsesto arquitectonico del Templo Mayor, en tiempos de Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin, ya que los informantes de Sahagun mencionan niveles del templo que corresponden a las etapas de la ascension.
A pesar de ello en este libro hablo de la "Guera Rodriguez", de Isabel Motecuhzoma, de Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez, de Diego Rivera y de Lazaro Cardenas.
Motecuhzoma (asi prefiero llamarlo) sabia exactamente lo que habia ocurrido en Santo Domingo y en Cuba y lo que podia ocurrir en Mexico.
(7) Y esta profecia influyo en el animo del tlatoani Motecuhzoma, quien confundio a Hernan Cortes con el dios blanco y barbado.