vertical transmission

(redirected from Mother-to-child transmission)
Also found in: Medical.

vertical transmission

[′vərd·ə·kəl tranz′mish·ən]
(genetics)
Passage of genetic information from one cell or individual organism to its progeny by conventional heredity mechanisms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Utilization of the test will be focused on screening pregnant women for HIV and syphilis and linking those infected to care, in support of WHO's goal of eliminating mother-to-child transmission (EMTCT) of these serious diseases.
This historic achievement was made possible by a health system that provides equitable, integrated health services based on primary health care that include difficult and complex interventions like those required for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis," Dr.
Because of this, one crucial aspect that is part of preventing mother-to-child transmission is to have access to good and effective delivery-environments such as hospitals and birth-clinics.
Permar and colleagues focused on breast milk, which has long been recognized as having some protective quality that inhibits mother-to-child transmission despite multiple daily exposures over months and even years of nursing.
While the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV is feasible, it will require a modification of current protocols/guidelines to include repeat HIV testing of women at delivery and/or post partum, a quality-control strategy for laboratory testing of a small percentage of negative rapid tests, involvement of male partners in testing and counselling, and an emphasis on exclusive feeding practices, regardless of HIV status.
Such treatment reduces mother-to-child transmission rates to less than 5 percent, according to previous research, maintains a mother's health and prevents transmission of the virus during future pregnancies.
As part of the Youth Impact project in Malawi, eight mobile HIV testing sessions have been initiated and 321 young men and women have been referred to prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) educational sessions, increasing awareness among this important population.
in 2010 and 2011 reported remarkable success in reducing perinatal mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) rates (2) (and 'Effectiveness of the National Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programme in South Africa: 2011 National SAPMTCT Survey Results', released by Minister Aaron Motsoaledi on 19 July 2012).
Some legislation does balance prenatal protections with women's rights, such as policies designed to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
There is a growing consensus that we can significantly curtail the HIV/AIDS pandemic by implementing scientifically proven HIV prevention strategies, such as voluntary medically supervised adult male circumcision, prevention of mother-to-child transmission and treatment as prevention.
UNAIDS and WHO have set a goal of "virtual elimination" of mother-to-child transmission of HIV to below 5% in developing countries.
The United Nations Information Centre in Tehran (UNIC) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) in cooperation with Paarsse Music Band will hold a live charity concert at Eyvan-E-Shams Hall in Tehran on 27 and 28 January 2012 to raise public awareness on HIV and AIDS, focusing on the vision of "Getting to Zero" HIV infections and the virtual elimination of mother-to-child transmission.