Mothers of Large Families

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mothers of Large Families


mothers with three or more children, for whom certain benefits have been established under Soviet labor legislation.

Women with two children receive a one-time payment at the birth of their third and each succeeding child, and a monthly payment with the birth of their fourth and each succeeding child, beginning with the child’s attainment of the age of one year, and continuing until the age of five years. According to law, payment is based on the number of natural and adopted children, including those of the husband, living with the mother and not yet having attained the age of 12. Mothers of large families also receive benefits related to child care in kindergartens and nurseries; payment is reduced by 25 to 50 percent, depending on the number of children and the parents’ total income.

Mothers of large families are also provided with benefits in the area of pension security. Thus women who have borne five or more children and raised them to the age of eight years receive the right to an old-age pension upon reaching age 50 with no less than 15 years of work experience, if they have not already qualified for such a pension at an earlier age. Special orders and medals have been established for mothers of large families; these include Mother-Heroine, Maternal Glory, and the Medal of Motherhood. Women who have borne and raised ten children receive the honorary designation of Mother-Heroine, the order of Mother-Heroine, and a certificate from the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The announcement this week that the government intends to pay mothers of large families an allowance for their grown-up children could easily be dismissed as a classic example of how Cypriot mums cling to their children long after they've reached adulthood.
Most mothers of large families choose to stay home full-time with their children.
She was kept out of public life not because she was unimportant but because she did not fit the Nazis' view of woman: married mothers of large families. She was uneducated and of limited intelligence but she was no 'victim': she wanted Hitler and she wanted to glory in his power and die if necessary with him.
The majority of the effect seemed to result from the prevention of stroke, as mothers of large families were almost 50 per cent less likely to die of a stroke.
"We don't know what we're doing, as we're just two mothers of large families," said Fusaro.
Mothers of large families splashed into the briny with nubile teenagers.
It is the mothers who are particularly facing the problems, the mothers of large families and the mothers who can't afford to take their children to Banff or Gull Lake or to any country place.

Full browser ?