Motion-Picture Network

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Motion-Picture Network


cultural and entertainment enterprises, such as theaters and clubs, that show films. Motion-picture projection units may be urban or rural, year-round or seasonal, and stationary or mobile; they may show 35-mm standard and wide-screen films, 70-mm films, 8-mm and 16-mm films, stereoscopic films, and films for 360° projection.

The task of the motion-picture network is to promote the regular showing of films throughut the country and to further the communist education of the workers through the medium of the film. As of Jan. 1, 1972, there were about 157,000 motion-picture theaters and projection units in the USSR (about 24,000 in urban areas and 133,000 in rural areas; there were about 560 wide-gauge and 74,000 wide-screen theaters). See Table 1 for data on the number of projection units in the Union republics.

Table 1. Number of motion-picture projection units in the Union republics
(at end of year)
Ukrainian SSR5,8227,18819,66828,822
Byelorussian SSR7631,5314,0146,556
Uzbek SSR6229312,1783,976
Kazakh SSR1,2701,5694,6798,958
Georgian SSR3515151,3051,875
Azerbaijan SSR4265761,3012,039
Lithuanian SSR662661,1461,541
Moldavian SSR1063941,0121,815
Latvian SSR772881,1091,301
Kirghiz SSR2133847521,103
Tadzhik SSR1403325101,051
Armenian SSR168374534746
Turkmen SSR274272457775
Estonian SSR56207417514
USSR (total)28,00042,032103,387156,913

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.