Motion-Picture Print

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Motion-Picture Print


a positive image on motion-picture film obtained by printing from a negative film, a duplicate negative (seeDUPLICATING), or a reversed positive; it may also be produced by transferring to motion-picture film the image and sound information recorded on magnetic tape. Prints are intended for exhibition in motion-picture theaters and film clubs, on television, and elsewhere. They are made on films with widths of 70, 35, 16, and 8 mm. When a film is intended for an audience that speaks a language different from that of the original film, a sound track may be dubbed on the film or subtitles in the appropriate language may be superimposed on the frames.

A print usually comprises several reels, or sections, of film, which begin and end with leaders and trailers that have special marks or metal tabs; the tabs close and open electrical circuits during projection, making it possible to start and stop the motion-picture projectors in order to present an uninterrupted showing of the complete film. A print often comprises large reels containing several sections or even the entire film. Prints are protected by a coating that increases their resistance to wear. The quality of a print is standardized with respect to sharpness, image density, color, and other characteristics perceived when the film is viewed.

Prints are produced at film-printing factories in editions that often exceed 1,000 copies (seeMOTION-PICTURE INDUSTRY). During its circulation a film print is periodically monitored on a film inspection table and, when necessary, is reconditioned.

Special varieties of film prints are produced on magnetic tape (video cassettes) and on plastic disks (video disks). (See alsoCASSETTE MOTION PICTURES.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.