motor neuron

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motor neuron

[′mōd·ər ′nu̇r‚än]
(neuroscience)
An efferent nerve cell. Also known as motoneuron.
References in periodicals archive ?
These receptors trigger a cascade of biochemical events that eventually increases the amount of neurotransmitter the sensory cell releases, enhancing its signal to the motor nerve cell.
Results showed that mesenchymal stem cells turn into cells similar to motor nerve cells on electrospun gelatin, and they express the unique properties of these cells on the surface of gene and protein.
ALS is a progressive neuromuscular illness that leads to the gradual degeneration of motor nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord, according to the Robert Packard Center for ALS Research at Johns Hopkins.
By touching skin on the head of the tadpole and applying cellular neurophysiology and anatomy techniques, the scientists identified nerve cells that detect the touch on the skin, two types of brain nerve cells which pass on the signal, and the motor nerve cells that control the swimming muscles.