Etna

(redirected from Mount Etna)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Etna

or

Aetna

(both: ĕt`nə), volcano, 10,958 ft (3,340 m) high, on the east coast of Sicily, S Italy. One of the most active volcanoes in the world, it also is the highest active volcano in Europe. The shape and height of its central cone have often been changed by eruptions. There are more than 260 lesser craters on the slopes, formed by lateral eruptions. The southeastern slope is cut by a deep (2,000–4,000-ft/610–1219-m), precipitous cleft, the Valle del Bove. The first known eruption occurred in 475 B.C. and was described by Pindar and Aeschylus. Of the numerous later eruptions, often accompanied by earthquakes, those of 1169 and 1669 were the most destructive; the most recent major eruption occurred in 1992.

The wide base of Mt. Etna, c.93 mi (150 km) in circumference, is encircled by a railroad. The fertile lower slopes are densely populated agricultural areas. Up to 1,600 ft (488 m) the vegetation is subtropical, yielding citrus fruit, bananas, and figs; between 1,600 and 4,300 ft (488–1,311 m) is a temperate zone, with vineyards and various fruit trees; from there to c.7,000 ft (2,130 m) are chestnut, birch, and pine woods; above, there is a desolate waste of lava and ashes. Near the top there is snow most of the year. There is an observatory at 9,650 ft (2,941 m). A motor road from Nicolosi, NW of Catania, to the 6,170-ft (1,881-m) level was completed in 1935.

Etna

 

(also Aetna), the highest active volcano in Europe. Etna is located in Italy, in the eastern part of the island of Sicily, and has an elevation of 3,340 m (according to some Italian sources, 3,263 m).

Etna is cone shaped, with gently inclined lower slopes and steeper upper slopes. Its base is 40–60 km in diameter, and the crater at its summit is about 400 m in diameter. There are about 900 parasitic cones on its slopes, with heights ranging from a few meters to 200–300 m.

Formed during the Anthropogenic (Quaternary), Etna is highly active, with more than 125 cycles of eruptions recorded in history. The disastrous eruption of 1669, in which about 100,000 people are believed to have perished, partially destroyed the city of Catania. The most recent eruption was in 1981.

Most eruptions are through the lateral cones; the lavas emitted are composed of trachytes, dolerites, and basalts. In the intervals between eruptions, gases and water vapor are released. Earth quakes occur frequently. Fields, orchards, and vineyards are found on the fertile volcanic soils up to elevations of 800–900 m; Mediterranean shrubs and forested sections with oak, beech, hornbeam, maple, and Corsican pine are encountered at higher elevations. Barberry and Astragalus thickets also grow in this area. During several months of the year, a snow cover is found at elevations above 1,500 m.

V. I. VLODAVETS

Etna

Mount. an active volcano in E Sicily: the highest volcano in Europe and the highest peak in Italy south of the Alps. Height: 3323 m (10 902 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Don't miss the stunning views of Mount Etna from the third century Greek Theatre.
Europe's most active volcano, Mount Etna, has erupted forcing the closure of nearby Catania airport due to the plumes of ash billowing into the sky.
By RORY TEVLIN MOUNT Etna's latest eruption has been captured from space.
The services of a Tour Manager in resort Save pounds 300per couple*8 days NOW from pounds 685.00 Mount Etna, Taormina & the Treasures of Sicily Flying Direct from Newcastle Departs 29 September 2012 Experience the treasures of this very special island, Italy's southern gem.
Summary: Europe's tallest and most active volcano, Mount Etna, has erupted for the fifth time in 2012, spewing hot lava and ash on Sunday.
We felt the presence of mountains and imagined places we would soon see: spectacular rockscapes, romantic resorts and beaches with Mount Etna smoking in the distance.
Departing from Civitavecchia, the ship will take you to Catania, where you can visit Mount Etna. The next ports of call are the shimmering Greek islands Patmos and Mykonos, with their beautiful beaches and historical treasures, then on to Izmir, Turkey, to visit the astounding ruins of the Byzantium era.
He also has stones from the Roman Baths in Turkey, Pompeii and Mount Etna.
The two main rivers of molten lava flowing down Mount Etna appeared to have slowed down following an appeal for divine intervention.
The volcanoes were Indonesia's (http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/523094/20131118/indonesia-volcanoes-erupt-mount-sinabung-merapi-thousands.htm) Mount Sinabung and Mount Merapi , (http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/522826/20131117/mount-etna-volcano-erupts-sicilly.htm) Italy's Mount Etna , the Colima volcano in Mexico, Guatemala's Fire Mountain and Vanuatu's Yasur volcano, while an undersea volcano off the Japanese coast (http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/524095/20131121/japan-eruption-island-territory.htm) formed a new island .
The services of a Newmarket Tour Manager Save pounds 300per couple*8 days NOW from pounds 685.00 Mount Etna, Taormina & the Treasures of Sicily Flying Direct from Newcastle Departs 29 September 2012 Experience the treasures of this very special island, Italy's southern gem.
Summary: Smoke has begun to spew from Mount Etna, as the Italian volcano erupted for the fourth time in 2012.