Mount Everest


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Everest, Mount,

peak, 29,029 ft (8,848 m) high (as officially recognized by China and Nepal; rock height only, 29,016 ft/8,844 m), on the border of Tibet and Nepal, in the central Himalayas. It is the highest elevation in the world. In 1999 American climbers using GPS measured the Everest's total height at 29,035 ft (8,850 m), but that measurement has not been accepted by Nepal or China. Called Chomolungma or Qomolangma [Mother Goddess of the Land] by Tibetans and Sagarmatha [head of the sea] by Nepalis, it is named in English for the surveyor Sir George EverestEverest, Sir George
, 1790–1866, British surveyor, b. Breconshire, Wales. He worked on the trigonometrical survey of India from 1806 to 1843. He became superintendent of the survey in 1823 and surveyor general of India in 1830; Mt. Everest is named for him. He was knighted in 1861.
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. It was first climbed on May 28, 1953, when Sir Edmund HillaryHillary, Sir Edmund Percival,
1919–2008, New Zealand mountain climber and explorer. He went on many mountain-climbing expeditions before 1953, when he and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal were the first people to reach the summit of Mt. Everest.
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 and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal reached the summit. The body of George H. L. MalloryMallory, George Herbert Leigh
, 1886–1924, English mountain climber. After some spectacular ascents in the Alps, he participated in the Everest expeditions of 1921, 1922, and 1924.
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, who died in an earlier attempt (1924), was found on the mountain in 1999.

Bibliography

See S. B. Ortner, Life and Death on Mt. Everest (1999); W. Davis, Into the Silence: The Great War, Mallory, and the Conquest of Everest (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
Nazir Sabir became the first Pakistani to climb Mount Everest in 2000.
Yearwood had attempted to climb Mount Everest in 2015.
"I have seen so many climbing seasons, but never something as drastic as this," Dawa Steven Sherpa, a Nepalese Sherpa entrepreneur who has scaled Mount Everest twice, told Gulf News on Saturday.
Nazir climbed Mount Everest in 2000 to become the first Pakistani to do so.
The post on the just giving page added: "He set out on this incredible journey to summit Mount Everest not only to challenge himself but to raise vital funds on behalf of Barretstown, a charity that provides respite and recreation to children with serious illnesses.
"Twenty seven of us have succeeded in reaching Mount Everest base at a height of 5,400 meters above sea level.
Twenty seven of us have succeeded in reaching Mount Everest base at a height of 5400 meters above the sea level," said Climb for Palestine on its Facebook page.
ISLAMABAD -- The veteran French mountaineer Marc Batard, 66 years, has enlisted Pakistani mountaineer Mohammad Ali Sadpara along with Nepal's Pasang Nuru Sherpa to undertake a five-year mountaineering program, 'Beyond Mount Everest.'
Islamabad -- The Embassy of Nepal celebrated Mount Everest Day 2018 in collaboration with Serena Hotels under its Adventure Diplomacy Initiative.
Embassy of Nepal in collaboration with Serena Hotel Islamabad celebrated Mount Everest Day 2018 here on Tuesday at the Shamadan Hall of the hotel.
Sri Lanka's Johann Peries summited Mount Everest Tuesday morning in his second attempt and becomes the second Sri Lankan to summit the highest mountain on Earth.