Mountain Artillery

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mountain Artillery


a type of artillery designed for action on mountains and on strongly broken terrain that is difficult to cross. Mountain artillery is equipped with light cannon, howitzers, and infantry mortars. In an organizational sense mountain artillery battalions (or batteries) are included in the composition of forces designated for action in mountainous conditions. Mountain guns and mortars are designed to be transported in stripped form in packs carried by horses or other animals and also for being pulled by horses or machines. The number of packs depends on the design of the gun (or mortar). The weight of one pack is usually not more than 100–120 kg. There are a number of special aspects to the combat use of mountain artillery and its fire. which require special training of personnel.

Mountain artillery originated in various European armies in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. In Russia a 12-gun mountain battery formed in 1842 marked the beginning of Russian mountain artillery. Later Russian mountain artillery was armed with the 1883 model of the 2.5-inch mountain cannon and the 1909 model 76-mm mountain cannon. By the start of the Great Patriotic War (1941–45), Soviet mountain artillery had about 2,500 mountain guns and infantry mortars. The use of grenade launchers and helicopters reduces the importance of pack artillery.


lsloriia olechestvennoi artillerii,vols. 1–3, books 1–4, 7–8.Moscow-Leningrad, 1959–64.
Kurs artillerii,3rd ed.. book 1. Moscow, 1948.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
"A person tried to run down two soldiers from the 93rd Mountain Artillery Regiment in Varces, for unknown reasons," a source close to the investigation said.
The event at the Australian High commission was attended by Director General Artillery Major General Farhan Akhtar, who accompanied the members of 7 Mountain Artillery Brigade, that were attached to the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) in the 1915 Gallipoli campaign.
The children, who met Mukherjee yesterday, are in Delhi on an educational tour of as part of Operation Sadbhavana organized by 8 Mountain Artillery Brigade Headquarters in Jammu and Kashmir.
The ANSF have also sought light mountain artillery, along with ordnance, a media report said, adding India had been asked to help Afghanistan build close air-support capabilities for its troops in preparation of a drastic scaling down of western forces in 2014.
The howitzers, with a maximum range of 30 kilometres (17 miles), will be used by the army s mountain artillery divisions along India s high-altitude frontiers.
Captain Wallace beams ruddily, while Major Thorneloe (Indian Mountain Artillery, tweed suit, slightly eccentric trilby, weathered brown brogues), who reveals he rode the runner-up in this race "a long, long, long time ago" but endured "a lot of falls" as well, turns to his trainer and says, unaffectedly: "You've made my year." Mann looks chuffed.
His father served with the Indian Mountain Artillery and rode in the Royal Artillery Gold Cup at the Esher circuit in his younger days and after over 60 60 years of trying, Thorneloe finally achieved his goal of success as he leased Charlie Mann's Mr Big, who scored under Captain Harry Wallace.
Major Thorneloe served with the Indian Mountain Artillery and rode in the race in his younger days.
Terrain difficulties and lack of mountain artillery had prevented artillery assistance as the devoted men of the 21st and 25th Brigades fought a masterly withdrawal.
Fernandes Silvestre's Spanish army at the battle of Anual (July 21, 1922), and advanced into the suburbs of Melilla; proclaimed the Republic of the Rif (1923), and organized a modern army, including many mercenaries, and armed with machine guns and mountain artillery; a French advance into the Wargla (Ouargla) valley provoked him to attack them as well, and he advanced almost as far as Fez (April 12-July, 1925); turned back by a skillful defense directed by General (later Marshal) Louis H.