As noted, Neanderthals used a mixed set of Mode 2 and 3 techniques--both Acheulean and Mousterian
. Although there is some evidence of cultural movement in Europe prior to 250,000 years ago, Mode 3 was clearly first developed in Africa.
But the Mousterian
label has been stretched so thin over the last 130 years that the term has become meaningless, Shea contends.
What we call 'macroliths' are "archaic" tools (i.e., ones usually typical of Mousterian
industries) made on large flakes often of nonflint raw materials such as quartzite, mudstone and limestone.
(2000): Bone implements, modified bones and teeth (late Mousterian
) from Gruta da Figueira Brava (Arrabida, Portugal).
culture is associated with which period of human development?
There are also archeological relics from the Mousterian
South Wales, a Mousterian
site and hyaena den: a report on the University of Cambridge excavations," Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society London, vol.
In situ remains of mammoth bones and associated Mousterian
stone tools were found at the quarry in the spring of 2002; agreements were quickly made between the quarry company, the land owner, English Heritage, and a funding agency so that excavations took place that very year between April and September.
Their distinctive "Mousterian
" stone tools are found on the Greek mainland and, intriguingly, have also been found on the Greek islands of Lefkada, Kefalonia and Zakynthos.
and Natufian Burials in the Levant.--Current Anthropology, 33: 4, 463-471.
(2008), "Auditory Ossicles from Southwest Asian Mousterian
Sites," Journal of Human Evolution 54: 414-433.
Interassemblage variability: The Mousterian
and the "functional" argument.