Mozambique Liberation Front

Mozambique Liberation Front


(Frente de Libertação de Moçambique; FRELIMO), the ruling party of Mozambique. Its membership consists primarily of peasants, in addition to a small number of urban workers and members of the revolutionary intelligentsia.

FRELIMO was founded in July 1962. In September 1964 it assumed leadership of the armed struggle waged by Mozambique patriots against the Portuguese colonialists; the goal of the struggle was the national independence of Mozambique and the establishment of a democratic system. The party led the liberation army and partisan detachments.

After the fascist dictatorship in Portugal was overthrown on Apr. 25, 1974, FRELIMO entered into negotiations with the Portuguese government on national independence for Mozambique. The party’s representative, J. Chissano, headed Mozambique’s provisional government, which was established in September 1974 and functioned until June 1975. On June 25, 1975, Samora Machel, chairman of the ruling triumvirate of FRELIMO, became president of the People’s Republic of Mozambique.

FRELIMO’s supreme body is the Congress of the party; between congresses supreme authority is exercised by the Central Committee. The press organs of FRELIMO are Mozambique Revolution (in English), Boletin de informação (in Portuguese), and Bulletin d’information (in French).

References in periodicals archive ?
The incumbent Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo) won the October 2014 presidential and legislative elections, although its majority shrank.
On the surface, not a lot has changed for Mozambique's ruling party, the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo), since October's elections.
Pacheco, who is also a Politburo member and Secretary of the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) Central Committee, voiced his hope to further strengthen cooperation between the two Parties and States in all fields, especially in economics, trade and investment.
Pilot Jacinto Veloso, born in present-day Maputo, became a member of the Mozambique Liberation Front at the beginning of the struggle for independence.
In these circumstances around 1970, the national liberation movements of Portuguese colonies more actively engaged in the Committee's sessions were: the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA), the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), and the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) (3).
June 25th will mark the thirtieth anniversary of FRELIMO, the Mozambique Liberation Front, which led the country to independence and began the democratic restructuring of Mozambique when it assumed power in 1975.