Mozambique Liberation Front

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mozambique Liberation Front


(Frente de Libertação de Moçambique; FRELIMO), the ruling party of Mozambique. Its membership consists primarily of peasants, in addition to a small number of urban workers and members of the revolutionary intelligentsia.

FRELIMO was founded in July 1962. In September 1964 it assumed leadership of the armed struggle waged by Mozambique patriots against the Portuguese colonialists; the goal of the struggle was the national independence of Mozambique and the establishment of a democratic system. The party led the liberation army and partisan detachments.

After the fascist dictatorship in Portugal was overthrown on Apr. 25, 1974, FRELIMO entered into negotiations with the Portuguese government on national independence for Mozambique. The party’s representative, J. Chissano, headed Mozambique’s provisional government, which was established in September 1974 and functioned until June 1975. On June 25, 1975, Samora Machel, chairman of the ruling triumvirate of FRELIMO, became president of the People’s Republic of Mozambique.

FRELIMO’s supreme body is the Congress of the party; between congresses supreme authority is exercised by the Central Committee. The press organs of FRELIMO are Mozambique Revolution (in English), Boletin de informação (in Portuguese), and Bulletin d’information (in French).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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This peace accord is a cornerstone for stability in Mozambique and in the wider African region," said Mr Cassis after the signing ceremony between the ruling party, the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO), and the opposition party, the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO), in Maputo.
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In these circumstances around 1970, the national liberation movements of Portuguese colonies more actively engaged in the Committee's sessions were: the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA), the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), and the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) (3).
June 25th will mark the thirtieth anniversary of FRELIMO, the Mozambique Liberation Front, which led the country to independence and began the democratic restructuring of Mozambique when it assumed power in 1975.
On the political front, the incumbent Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo)'s October 2014 victory in the presidential and legislative elections led to threats from the opposition party, the Mozambican National Resistance Movement (Renamo), to form its own Government in the north and centre of the country.