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province (2011 pop. 4,039,939), 29,535 sq mi (76,495 sq km), E South Africa. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Mpumalanga was created from the eastern portion of the former province of TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. Until 1995 it was called Eastern Transvaal. The province is bounded on the north by Limpopo, on the east by Mozambique and Eswatini (formerly Swaziland), on the southeast by KwaZulu-Natal, on the southwest by Free State, and on the west by Gauteng.

Mbombela (formerly called Nelspruit) is the capital and most populous municipality. Situated mainly on the high plateau grasslands of the highveld, the land rises in the northeast to mountain peaks and the high escarpment of the Drakensberg Range, then plunges in places to low-lying areas of the lowveld.

There is a large petrochemical industry in the highveld region, as well as manufacturing. Gold, platinum, and coal are important mineral resources. Corn, wheat, and other grains are grown in the cooler highveld areas, while sugar, citrus and a variety of subtropical fruits are common crops in the subtropical lowveld. There is also sheep farming and forestry. Tourism is important, with Kruger National ParkKruger National Park,
game reserve, c.8,000 sq mi (20,720 sq km), Limpopo and Mpumalanga, NE South Africa. One of the world's largest wildlife sanctuaries, it has almost every species of game found in southern Africa.
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 a popular destination. The principal languages are Swati (Swazi) and Zulu.


a province of E South Africa; formed in 1994 from part of the former province of Transvaal: agriculture and service industries. Capital: Nelspruit. Pop.: 3 244 306 (2004 est.). Area: 78 370 sq. km (30 259 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mpumalanga managed not only to win but to do so by a grand margin of 42 runs
Manzini Zungu, spokesman for the Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union (AMCU), said some 115 union members were trapped underground after a cave-in at the Makonjwaan Gold Mine in Barberton, Mpumalanga province, at 8:40 am (0640 GMT).
Mpumalanga is the main coal-producing province and accounted for 80% of the country's total coal production in 2014.
This section reports on the external cause and scenes of injury for Gauteng and Mpumalanga provinces for the period 2009-2011.
The DTI grant was awarded to the company's extraction and processing factory in the Mpumalanga province in northern South Africa.
Thandi Mtsweni, deputy mayor, Secunda, Mpumalanga, 2007 (shot dead by two gunmen when she arrived home with her husband and 14-year-old son)
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The province nearest to these figures was Mpumalanga with six rhinos illegally hunted.
The incident took place in Mpumalanga province, near the Kruger National Park game reserve.
The company has also commenced work on its Senteeko tea estate in Mpumalanga, South Africa, to provide sufficient green tea crop in the final quarter 2012.