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province (2011 pop. 4,039,939), 29,535 sq mi (76,495 sq km), E South Africa. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Mpumalanga was created from the eastern portion of the former province of TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. Until 1995 it was called Eastern Transvaal. The province is bounded on the north by Limpopo, on the east by Mozambique and Eswatini (formerly Swaziland), on the southeast by KwaZulu-Natal, on the southwest by Free State, and on the west by Gauteng.

Mbombela (formerly called Nelspruit) is the capital and most populous municipality. Situated mainly on the high plateau grasslands of the highveld, the land rises in the northeast to mountain peaks and the high escarpment of the Drakensberg Range, then plunges in places to low-lying areas of the lowveld.

There is a large petrochemical industry in the highveld region, as well as manufacturing. Gold, platinum, and coal are important mineral resources. Corn, wheat, and other grains are grown in the cooler highveld areas, while sugar, citrus and a variety of subtropical fruits are common crops in the subtropical lowveld. There is also sheep farming and forestry. Tourism is important, with Kruger National ParkKruger National Park,
game reserve, c.8,000 sq mi (20,720 sq km), Limpopo and Mpumalanga, NE South Africa. One of the world's largest wildlife sanctuaries, it has almost every species of game found in southern Africa.
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 a popular destination. The principal languages are Swati (Swazi) and Zulu.

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a province of E South Africa; formed in 1994 from part of the former province of Transvaal: agriculture and service industries. Capital: Nelspruit. Pop.: 3 244 306 (2004 est.). Area: 78 370 sq. km (30 259 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Mpumalanga is renowned for its agricultural sector and the contribution it makes to the country's broader economy.
He said that a case of robbery and murder had been opened by the NICASA Provincial chairman in Mpumalanga.
Presently, the colliery employs 1,760 people, most of them from nearby communities in Mpumalanga.
The Mpumalanga province is littered with waterfalls and two of those natural resources are the Lisbon and Berlin Falls.
At ages 12 and 13 years, the median WC of Mpumalanga girls was comparable to those of AA children, while Western Cape boys had comparable WC values with AA children at ages 12 and 14.
Both Kenya and Mpumalanga are new to this competition, included as part of four new teams in this expanded edition and would have wanted to get off to a positive start.
Meanwhile, the Goscor Group will be showcasing its wide range of equipment and solutions at this years' Annual Mpumalanga Show, at Stand No A3.
When nine of Mpumalanga's batswomen 'fail to get off the mark', it's fair to assume that Easterns didn't spend too long at the cricket ground, but romped home winners?
More than 100 people were unaccounted for after a gold mine in Mpumalanga province in north-eastern South Africa caved in, a union official said on Friday, while emergency services said 49 miners had so far been brought to the surface.
Major coal producing provinces in the country include Mpumalanga and Limpopo, the Free State, Kwazulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape.