Muawiyah I

(redirected from Mu'awiya)

Muawiyah I

 

Date of birth unknown; died 680. Founder and first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty. Muawiyah came from the aristocracy of the Quraysh tribe. In 639 he became vice-gerent of Syria. In 657 he took arms against Caliph Ali; after Ali was slain by the Kharijites in 661, Muawiyah was proclaimed caliph. Muawiyah established the dynastic principle of absolute rule by the caliph. During his rule, Damascus became the capital of the Umayyad caliphate.

REFERENCE

Beliaev, E. A. Araby, islam i arabskii khalifat v rannee srednevekov’e. Moscow, 1965. (See index of names.)
References in periodicals archive ?
It was said that the people of Belad Al-Sham came up with these dishes to be served during suhoor (meal before fasting) to Mu'awiya bin Abi Sufyan--the first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty--as he wanted a dish to satisfy his hunger during fasting hours.
At the heart of this stance is no doubt the fraught historical example of 'A1I, Mu'awiya, and their followers cursing each other during and in the aftermath of the first Civil War (35-40/656-661), the Umayyad practice of cursing 'A1I from the pulpits, and the emergence of the practice of sabb or la'n of the Companions.
Uno de esos califas, Mu'awiya (41/661-60/680) manifesto expresamente su deseo de <<ser enterrado con las reliquias de Mahoma>> (74).
The 13 young men shot dead by Israeli police in October 2000: 21-year-old Rami Ghara in Jatt; 26-year-old Eyad Lawabny in Nazareth; 23-year-old Mohammed Jabareen in Umm al-Fahem; 18-year-old Ahmed Jabareen in Mu'awiya; 19-year-old Misleh Abu Jarad in Umm al-Fahem; 17-year-old Asel Asleh in Arrabe; 18-year-old Ala Nassar in Arrabe; 21-year-old Walid Abu Saleh in Sakhnin; 25-year-old Emad Ghanayim in Sakhnin; 19-year-old Mohammad Khamayseh in Kufr Kanna; 24-year-old Ramez Bushnaq in Kufr Manda; 42-year-old Omar Akkawi in Nazareth; and 25-year-old Wissam Yazbak in Nazareth.
The first to change the Kabah's coverings twice in one year was Mu'awiya Ibn Abi Sufyan.
(32) Abu Dharr first went to Syro-Palestine, from where Mu'awiya wrote to 'Uthman complaining that he was declaring asceticism obligatory, whereupon 'Uthman recalled him to Medina lest he be harmed, after which Abu Dharr asked permission (or was ordered) to retire to al-Rabadha--100km west of Medina--where he died in complete isolation and poverty.
The chapter focuses on Mu'awiya, the first caliph of this dynasty, who broke the peace pact in order to adopt his idea based "on a divide-and-conquer strategy to maintain control over their captive populations (Arab and non-Arab)" (p.
The new branch is nearing completion, located in Bani Mu'awiya District on Prince Mohammed bin Abdul Aziz Street in front of Al-Raya supermarket." The company said in a statement during the opening that it is launching two new branches in Makkah and a new branch in Jeddah.
Al-Harith bin Mu'awiya, of present-day Saudi Arabia, was one of the first monarchs to train and hunt falcons, elevating his falcons to royal status.
Terrorists Abu Osama al-Zbeide, Abu Omar al-Qarbouli, Abu Mohammed al-aiaiaiShaeiti, Abu Mariam al-Tayianeh, Abu Mu'awiya Idleb, Abu Dujana Bakras, Abu Ubaida al-Ani and Abu Salman al-Ahwazi and Abu Yacoub al-Muhajer were identified among the dead.
Al advenimiento de los omeyas, Jerusalen alcanza un nuevo realce con la proclamacion califal de Mu'awiya, que Tabari menciona apenas.
With its marvelous architectural design, the Cordoba Mosque was built in 784 by Abd Al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hisham ibn Abd Al-Malik ibn Marwan (Ab Al-Rahman I), the first Prince of Cordoba.