Muawiyah I

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Muawiyah I

 

Date of birth unknown; died 680. Founder and first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty. Muawiyah came from the aristocracy of the Quraysh tribe. In 639 he became vice-gerent of Syria. In 657 he took arms against Caliph Ali; after Ali was slain by the Kharijites in 661, Muawiyah was proclaimed caliph. Muawiyah established the dynastic principle of absolute rule by the caliph. During his rule, Damascus became the capital of the Umayyad caliphate.

REFERENCE

Beliaev, E. A. Araby, islam i arabskii khalifat v rannee srednevekov’e. Moscow, 1965. (See index of names.)
References in periodicals archive ?
(80) Esta conducta califal la corrobora un litigio judicial entre Mu'awiyah y un tal Abd al-Rahman ben Zayd ibn al-Khattab por un predio en disputa.
El artifice de esta expedicion maritima, considerada como la primera que los musulmanes realizaron en su historia naval y en el Mediterraneo, fue Mu'awiyah Ibn Abi Sufyan (ca.
A irma de Hussein, frente a Corte do Governador Mu'awiyah, profere um grande discurso, uma lamentacao, ouvida por centenas de pessoas, que gera uma profunda comocao.
The text refers to Mu'awiyah who established the Umayyad Dynasty of the caliphate in the 7th century CE.
Many traditions were fabricated after the three internal Muslim wars, in the time of Imam Ali (a) and Mu'awiyah, validating one or the other [33].
from Mu'awiyah (the first Umayyad caliph) on, the group feeling (of the Arabs) approached its final goal, royal authority.
(113.) The Mother of the Believers, Umm Habiba Ramla bint Abi Sufyan, Allah be pleased with her, was the wife of the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and grant him peace, the daughter of Abu Sufyan and the sister of Mu'awiyah. She died in the year 44 AH and is buried in al-Baqi' cemetery in Madina.
JaN translator "Abu Mu'awiyah", 25, says: "All this talk about freedom, democracy and the secular state...like America and the European system - jihadis do not care about this talk at all.
The expedition to conquer this island began during the time of Mu'awiyah who governed Sham then.
Mustafaa, Mu'awiyah and Mina and everyone from Mahad-ul-Furqan, March 2012
He instructed his governor in Syria, Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan to prepare for such an attack.
The critical importance of exegesis and explanation, too, is outlined by Iyas ibn Mu'awiyah: The example of those who read the Qur'an without knowing its interpretation is that of a people to whom comes a letter from their sovereign at night and they have no source of light--a state of anxiety overtakes them as they know not what is in the letter.