Muawiya


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Muawiya

(mo͞oä`wēä), d. 680, 1st UmayyadUmayyad
, the first Islamic dynasty (661–750). Their reign witnessed the return to leadership roles of the pre-Islamic Arab elite, and the rejuvenation of tribal loyalties. The Banu Ummaya constituted the higher stratum of the pre-Islamic Meccan elite.
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 caliph (661–80), one of the greatest Muslim statesmen; son of Abu Sufyan, a Koreish tribesman of Mecca. He submitted to Islam the year of the surrender of Mecca and became Muhammad's secretary. Under Umar he became the very able governor of Syria. He struggled with AliAli
(Ali ibn Abu Talib), 598?–661, 4th caliph (656–61). The debate over his right to the caliphate caused a major split in Islam into Sunni and Shiite branches, and he is regarded by the Shiites as the first Imam, or leader: Shiite derives from the phrase
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 over the government of the empire and led in the deposition of HasanHasan
, c.625–c.669; son of Ali and Fatima (daughter of Muhammad the Prophet). When Ali was killed in 661, Hasan became caliph, but he was not strong enough to withstand the threat of arms of the Umayyads and under pressure abdicated in favor of Muawiya.
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. As caliph he made Islam an autocracy, retaining the old forms of self-government. He secured his domain against aggression by continual raids beyond its borders. His policies ended the ancient hostility that long had separated the North and South Arabian tribes, thus making the Muslim empire the remarkably unified force that it was. Muawiya's administration was always tolerant, and he displayed an enlightened point of view in all his dealings. His name is also spelled Moawiyah.
References in periodicals archive ?
Its most renown families are: Muawiya, Rouhana, Faraj, Fouani, Hanash, Vitroni, Bourji, Nader, Karam, and Baeeno.
Yet he never cursed Muawiya. He would only say: "The Shiites are Ahl Al-Bayt, the descendants of the prophet, and they are in disagreement with the people of Damascus, a disagreement which originates from a dispute over power.
Abubakar Afridi, Mujahid Afridi and Muawiya Shinwari told reporters here on Friday that around 30 educated residents were appointed data operators to the Torkham immigration offices on a contractual basis in 2015 under the Border Management system.
With this announcement, the death toll of 17 January protest raises to three people with Babikir Abdel Hamid and Muawiya Bashir Khalil.
Matric-qualified Mohammad Muawiya, a 22-year-old resident of Karachi, earns more than a bank manager every month and that too from the comfort of his home.
Jordan Eye Bank director, Muawiya al-Bdour, said that corneal disease is one of the key reasons of sight loss, especially among youth, adding that the success rate of corneal transplants in Jordan is up to 80 percent.
Uo Uo Uo For his part, former Director General of the APU Salahuddin Muawiya said in a similar statement that "the Union is working diligently to develop the mechanisms of joint Arab media work in coordination with the Standing Committee for Information at the League of Arab States".
This battle was not merely a conflict between two individuals- Hussain ibn Ali (AS) and Yazid ibn Muawiya. But it was essentially a clash between two conflicting ideologies i.e.
Qadir Pur Raan police had told The Express Tribune that Mahnoor, a student of Madrassah Ameer Muawiya, left the classroom to drink water without the permission of cleric Qari Abdul Haq.
Suhail and Butt were killed along with an associate Abu Muawiya during a cordon and search operation at Wani Mohalla in Redwani area of the district.
The Golden Production orders were offered by the end of Made in Sudan Exhibition to the businessmen Muawiya Mohamed Ahmed Al-Berair, Usama Daoud Abdul-Latif, Wajdi Mirghani Mahjoub, Samir Ahmed Gasim, Hassan Ibrahim Malik and Abdul-Rahman Abbas Mohamed Hassanain.
The cases transferred involve banned Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) outfits and also multiple top terrorists including Ameen alias Muawiya, Mumtaz alias Firoun, even Ishaq Bobbyb, who is sentenced to death in the Amjad Sabri murder case and booked in three other cases.