Muawiya


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Muawiya

(mo͞oä`wēä), d. 680, 1st UmayyadUmayyad
, the first Islamic dynasty (661–750). Their reign witnessed the return to leadership roles of the pre-Islamic Arab elite, and the rejuvenation of tribal loyalties. The Banu Ummaya constituted the higher stratum of the pre-Islamic Meccan elite.
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 caliph (661–80), one of the greatest Muslim statesmen; son of Abu Sufyan, a Koreish tribesman of Mecca. He submitted to Islam the year of the surrender of Mecca and became Muhammad's secretary. Under Umar he became the very able governor of Syria. He struggled with AliAli
(Ali ibn Abu Talib), 598?–661, 4th caliph (656–61). The debate over his right to the caliphate caused a major split in Islam into Sunni and Shiite branches, and he is regarded by the Shiites as the first Imam, or leader: Shiite derives from the phrase
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 over the government of the empire and led in the deposition of HasanHasan
, c.625–c.669; son of Ali and Fatima (daughter of Muhammad the Prophet). When Ali was killed in 661, Hasan became caliph, but he was not strong enough to withstand the threat of arms of the Umayyads and under pressure abdicated in favor of Muawiya.
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. As caliph he made Islam an autocracy, retaining the old forms of self-government. He secured his domain against aggression by continual raids beyond its borders. His policies ended the ancient hostility that long had separated the North and South Arabian tribes, thus making the Muslim empire the remarkably unified force that it was. Muawiya's administration was always tolerant, and he displayed an enlightened point of view in all his dealings. His name is also spelled Moawiyah.
References in periodicals archive ?
Muawiya Hassanein, Director General of Ambulance and Emergency in the Gaza Strip's Ministry of Health said today that 75 Palestinian children have been killed since the bombings began last Saturday.
Muawiya Osman Khalid, the spokesman of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, "has belittled the effect of the step adopted by the US administration for alleviating the restrictions imposed on Sudan with regard to benefiting from the services offered by Google and Microsoft," the state-run Sudan News Agency (SUNA) reported.
The spokesman of the foreign affairs ministry of, Muawiya Osman Khalid, said that the summit "represents a new boost of the IGAD to the implementation of the CPA, provides an opportunity to be informed about the various implemented aspects of the CPA and gives encouragement to the Sudanese parties to implementing the remaining few aspects of the peace agreement".
Head of the ambulance and emergency at the Ministry of Health Dr Muawiya
Muawiya Hassanein, said on Sunday that helicopter transfer was necessary.
The spokesman of the Sudanese Foreign Ministry, Muawiya Osman Khalid, said that Rice is at odds with "objective parties at the US administration itself that are concerned with supporting the ongoing process Darfur and solving the root causes of the issue".
The spokesman of the Sudanese ministry of foreign Affairs, Muawiya Osman Khalid, said in a statement Tuesday that the weapons being made by the United States and flowing all over the globe are responsible for expanding destruction and devastation in the world.
Tayyeb Muawiya has been appointed as divisional head of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Updates Social Media Team.
The top prosecutor for Sudan attorney's office in Gazira State Muawiya al-Hagras briefed the meeting on the Weapons and Ammunition Act as the commander of the army's 1st infantry division spoke about the dangers of the proliferation of weapons outside the legal framework.
Muawiya Nawaz was born with thalassemia, a blood disorder in which the body makes an abnormal form of haemoglobin, which was detected when he was four months old.
Meanwhile, the Chadian PM was informed during his visit to Muawiya al-Barir Complex in Soba, on the development in the paper and packaging industry, including the manufacturing of cardboard and soft drinks factory.
MANAMA: The Muawiya bin Abi Sofien Mosque in Hamad Town will soon open, said Justice, Islamic Affairs and Endowments Ministry Under-Secretary for Islamic Affairs Dr Shaikh Farid Al Meftah.