Muawiyah I

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Muawiyah I

 

Date of birth unknown; died 680. Founder and first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty. Muawiyah came from the aristocracy of the Quraysh tribe. In 639 he became vice-gerent of Syria. In 657 he took arms against Caliph Ali; after Ali was slain by the Kharijites in 661, Muawiyah was proclaimed caliph. Muawiyah established the dynastic principle of absolute rule by the caliph. During his rule, Damascus became the capital of the Umayyad caliphate.

REFERENCE

Beliaev, E. A. Araby, islam i arabskii khalifat v rannee srednevekov’e. Moscow, 1965. (See index of names.)
References in periodicals archive ?
A seasoned intelligence officer disclosed to Manila Bulletin that Singaporean Abdullah Alih, known as Muawiyah and Malaysian Amin Baco or Yohan the two understudies of Marwan are being protected by BIFF commander Esmael Abdulmalik, alias Abu Torayfe.
Other historians say of Kunafa and qatayef date back to the era of the Umayyad Caliphate; Levantine dessert makers prepared these desserts for Muawiyah I, the founder of the Caliphate, after he complained from hunger during fasting Ramadan.
The first caliph of this dynasty was Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan (may Allah be pleased with him).
Jo-Ann Petinglay, the military's Western Mindanao Command spokesperson, said the military had been validating reports that alleged foreign terrorist Muhammad Ali bin Abdulrahman, alias Muawiyah, and Singaporean bomb expert Salahuddin Hassan were among those killed in the military assaults in the outskirts of Datu Salibo town.
The Prophet's grandson was asked to surrender himself and accept oppressive anti-Islamic system in the name of Islam propagated by the then ruler Yazeed son of Muawiyah and grandson of Abu Sufyan who fought battles against Islam and in lifetime of caliph Imam Ali and Prophet Mohammad (PBUH).
Hussein opposed the nomination as caliph of Yazid I by his father and previous caliph Muawiyah following the death of Muawiyah I and refused to swear loyalty to him.
According to Umar Muawiyah, a spokesperson of the ASWJ, all four were associated his organization.
The fight for power between the Caliph Ali (known as a judge) and the founder of the Umayyad dynasty, Muawiyah, is the direct reason for the emergence of the Shiite sect and the founding of the Sunni sect.
It has been confirmed that Muawiyah Bin Abu Sufyan used to cover the Kaaba with silk brocade on the occasion of Ashura and with Coptic cloth at the end of Ramadan.
As a result, Caliph ordered to killing him and cuted his hands and feet and burned them in 141 BC, because he was heterodox when Sufyan Ibn Muawiyah Ibn Yazid was ruler of Basra instead of Solomon (Borokleman, Bita: 92).
He was sentenced to death by the Umayyad Caliph Muawiyah in the year of 660 for his unwavering support and praise for Imam Ali (PBUH).
Punjabi Taliban leader Asmatullah Muawiyah, in a video message, announced to renounce violence in Pakistan, adding the focus on fighting will now be on Afghanistan.