Gaius Mucius Scaevola

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scaevola, Gaius Mucius

 

in ancient Rome, a legendary hero of the Roman struggle against the Etruscans in the late sixth and early fifth centuries B.C.

According to legend, the youth Gaius Mucius was assigned to infiltrate the Etruscan camp and kill the king Porsena. He was seized, however. Threatening him with torture, Porsena demanded that he betray his coconspirators. To prove his indifference to pain and death, Gaius Mucius put his right hand into the fire and stood silently as his hand burned. The legend may have arisen to explain the cognomen Scaevola (literally, “the lefthanded”), which became linked with one branch of the Mucius family.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gaius Mucius Cordus ou Scaevola invadiu o acampamento militar etrusco para matar Porsena, que cercava Roma com o intuito de restabelecer a monarquia dos Tarquinios contra a nova Republica, mas tendo falhado na empreitada, pos a mao direita num braseiro ate que se vissem seus ossos.
Placed under the Mignard is Mucius Scaevola before Lars Porsena (c.
Asi nos lo reporta Gayo, societas, de qua loquimur, id est quae nudo consensu contrahitur (21) y Pomponio quien hace una referencia directa al jurista republicano Quintus Mucius Scaevola:
This may be part of the reason why his book follows something like a "great men" theory and tells the story through the contributions of Quintus Mucius, Servius, Cicero, Labeo, Gaius, Pomponius, and Ulpian, with others, such as Aulus Ofilius, in support.
(17) A acao famosa de Mucius Scevola e contraditada, e suspeitosa.
Paradoxically, as Sachs points out, the emphasis of the conservative Burke on national particularity implicitly undermines the exemplary use of classical Rome; the radical Godwin, on the other hand, celebrates such illustrious heroes as Mucius and Fabricius in a far more traditional, exemplary fashion (74).
In action, these exempla look like this: singula vicere jam multi, ignem Mucius, crucem Regulus, venenum Socrates, arilium Rutilius, mortem ferro adactam Cato: et nos vincamus aliquid (Many have conquered individual things a long time now--Mucius conquered fire, Regulus torture, Socrates poison, Rutilius exile, and Cato death at the point of the sword: let us also conquer something, Ep.
(23) In a speech that Dio (64.13.1-3) puts into Otho's mouth, he says that he would rather be a Mucius, a Decius, a Curtius, or a Regulus rather than a Marius, Cinna or Sulla, and asked to be allowed the privilege of following the example of the former group, since the example of the latter was hateful to him; cf.