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Inflammation of the cervix uteri.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also trachelitis), inflammation of the neck, or cervix, of the uterus caused by the penetration of gonococci, staphylococci, streptococci, colon bacilli, or trichomonads from the vagina into the canal of the cervix. Cervicitis may be accompanied by other gynecological disorders, including vaginitis, metritis, and salpingo-oophoritis.

The disease may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Acute cervicitis is manifested by mild pain in the lower part of the abdomen and lumbar region and by leukorrhea. There may be no subjective symptoms in the chronic stage. Leukorrhea may lead to cervical erosion. Discharges from the cervix are examined to identify the causative agent of the infection. Treatment varies with the cause and stage of the disease: rest, antibiotics, and sulfanilamides are prescribed for acute cervicitis, and physical therapy and other local treatments are used to treat chronic cervicitis.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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A revised section does away with the term "mucopurulent cervicitis" in favor of simply cervicitis.
Women between the ages of 15 and 30 years were eligible for study enrollment if they had clinical evidence of mucopurulent cervicitis (purulent cervical discharge), if they were recently diagnosed with gonorrhea or chlamydia and were not yet treated, if they were diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis, or if they reported sexual contact with a male diagnosed with gonorrhea, chlamydia, or nongonococcal urethritis.
In women younger than 25 years, there was no significant relationship between the infection and either mucopurulent cervicitis or cloudy discharge.