Muhammad Abdo

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Abdo, Muhammad


Born 1849; died July 11, 1905. Egyptian reformer of Islam and public figure. Graduated from the Muslim Al-Azhar University in Cairo.

Abdo was a disciple of Jamal-al-Din al-Afgani. He took part in the national liberation movement of 1879–82. From 1883 to 1888 he was an emigré. He returned to Egypt in 1889, received a judgeship, and taught at Al-Azhar University. He was grand mufti from 1899 to 1905. In the latter years of his life he supported the Europeanization of Egypt and opposed feudal despotism but did not struggle actively against the British colonial order. Abdo’s teachings on “true Islam” were objectively directed toward adapting that religion to bourgeois relations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It also planted a video clip playing Saudi patriotic songs by Muhammad Abdo that were released during the Gulf War.
The men were accused in the deaths of Suleiman Ashi, an economics editor for the Felesteen newspaper, and Muhammad Abdo, a manager at the same publication.
It came into being at Egypt's prominent al-Azhar University - one of the highest seats in Sunnism - in the 19th century, where it was initially propagated as an intellectual movement by Jamal al-Deen al-Afghani, Muhammad Abdo and Rashid Rida.