Muhammad Husayn Haykal

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Haykal, Muhammad Husayn


Born Aug. 10, 1888, in Kafr-Ghannam; died Dec. 8, 1956, in Cairo. Egyptian writer.

Haykal received a law degree from the Sorbonne in 1912 and served as minister of education from 1937 to 1944. He helped found a liberal constitutional party, which he headed from 1943 to 1952, and served as chairman of the Egyptian Senate from 1945 to 1950.

Haykal wrote the first Arabic realistic novel, Zaynab (1914; Russian translation, 1973), a lyrical, somewhat sentimental work in the style of European novels that describes village life in Egypt. From about 1915 through the 1920’s, Haykal developed his concept of Egyptian exclusiveness. Later he embraced Islamic tradition, losing interest in scholarship and Western civilization. He wrote biographical works about the heroes of early Islam, including his Life of Muhammad (1929), which is widely known in the Muslim world. In the novel Thus Was She Created (1955), Haykal contrasts the spirituality of the East with the mercantilism of Europe. His diaries, Recollections on Egyptian Politics (vols. 1–2, 1951–53), are a valuable source for the history of 20th-century Egypt.


Kotsarev, N. K. Pisateli Egipta (XX vek). Moscow, 1976. (Contains bibliography.)
Johanson, B. M. H. Haikal: Europa und der Orient im Weltbild eines ägyptischen Liberalen. Beirut-Wiesbaden, 1967.
Wessels, A. A. A Modern Arabic Biography of Muhammad. Leiden, 1972.
Semah, D. Four Egyptian Literary Critics, part 2. Leiden, 1974.


References in periodicals archive ?
Muhammad Haykal Lorena shares "Blue Circle." "I made use of the smartphone's wide-angle lens and a selfie stick to get a bird's-eye view of Quezon Memorial Monument and its fountain," writes Muhammad.
Berri lastly paid tribute to the late Boutros Ghali, Muhammad Haykal and Abdul-Rahman Abnoudi.
(16) Writing some three decades after the event, Muhammad Haykal recalled that the decision fell on the Egyptians "like a bolt of lightening":
Reprinted today is a photo from last week's column titled "Unibersidad ng Pilipinas" by Muhammad Haykal Lorena which was mistakenly attributed to a different sender.
Muhammad Haykal Lorena writes that his photo, "Unibersidad ng Pilipinas" was taken using a mobile phone via Light Painting Mode.