Muhammad Mossadegh

Mossadegh, Muhammad


Born 1881 in Ahmadabad; died there on Mar. 5, 1967. Iranian politician and statesman.

Educated as a lawyer, Mossadegh held various ministerial posts from 1921 to 1924. In 1949 he was one of the founders of the National Front, a bourgeois national organization that played an important role in the movement to nationalize the Iranian oil industry, then controlled by the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. As prime minister from April 1951 to August 1953 (with an interruption in July 1952), Mossadegh fought for an independent foreign policy for Iran. During the coup d’etat of Aug. 19, 1953, he was arrested and sentenced to three years in prison. After his imprisonment, he was exiled to his estate in Ahmadabad near Tehran, where he lived under the surveillance of the authorities. Mossadegh was the author of several works on Muslim law and on finance and jurisprudence.

References in periodicals archive ?
En 1951, el Parlamento voto a favor de la nacionalizacion del crudo y Muhammad Mossadegh fue electo Primer Ministro.
Patriot of Persia: Muhammad Mossadegh and a Very British Coup.
The US overturned the democracies of 1953 Muhammad Mossadegh in Iran, 1954 Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala, 1973 Salvador Allende in Chile, the 1984-89 Sandinistas government in Nicaragua and most recently 2006 Hamas government in the West Bank and Gaza.
Yousef also reminds his audience of the contacts between al-Banna and Ayatollah Kashani, who supported the anti-West prime minister Muhammad Mossadegh in the early 1950s, to prove that an alliance was already beginning to form at that early stage.
The CIA helped topple the elected government of Muhammad Mossadegh in the 1950s, and the US openly supported Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, a despot who was ousted early in 1979.
role in the 1953 overthrow of the government of Muhammad Mossadegh and the installation of the Shah Reza Palavi in power, or of the U.S.