Then there is Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi
's ouster, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini's Islamic Revolution, the absurd abduction of US diplomats, President Jimmy Carter's disastrous attempt to free them militarily, and the "Iran-Contra" scandal, when Reagan administration officials sought to sell weapons to Iran through third parties and channel the proceeds to anti-Sandinista guerrillas in Nicaragua.
The verdict and analogy are faulty; if the emperor was so progressive, there probably would never have been a bloody revolution, and a more appropriate comparison would be with such autocratic but modernizing monarchs as Peter the Great of Russia and Muhammad Reza Pahlavi
Mousavi argues that some in the theologianal establishment - which came to power in the 1979 Islamic Revolution that toppled the pro-US Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi
- have increasingly become corrupt and strayed from the Revolution's original ideals.
They are glad to be free of the dictatorship of the late shah, Muhammad Reza Pahlavi
. Their pride in Persian culture and history swells to know it is not a puppet state.
The CIA helped topple the elected government of Muhammad Mossadegh in the 1950s, and the US openly supported Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi
, a despot who was ousted early in 1979.
Summary: As the future of both Pakistan and its president, Pervez Musharraf, wallow in uncertainty in the wake of Benazir Bhutto's assassination, parallels are being drawn to the 1979 fall of Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi
and the Islamic Revolution in Iran.