Mujica Cordano, José Alberto
Mujica Cordano, José Alberto1935–, Uruguayan political leader. Popularly known as "Pepe," he had minimal formal education. During the 1960s, Mujica, a farmer and a socialist, was one of the founders of the TupamarosTupamaros
, urban guerrilla organization and political party in Uruguay, also known as the National Liberation Army. Named for the Inca revolutionist Tupac Amaru, it became active as a guerrilla force in the early 1960s, distributing stolen food and money among the poor in
..... Click the link for more information. , a violent guerrilla group that sought to foment social revolution. Captured several times, Mujica was sent (1974) to a military prison, where he served 14 years and was subjected to torture. After the restoration of democracy (1985), he was released and later helped turn the Tupamaros into a political party, which became part of the Broad Front coalition. He was elected as a representative in 1994 and a senator in 1999. Rumpled and plainspoken, he became a popular political figure; from 2005 to 2008 he served secretary of agriculture, thereafter returning to the senate. Running on a moderate socialist platform, he was elected president of Uruguay in 2009; he served a single term (2010–15). He subsequently served as a senator (2015–18). In 2005 he married Lucía Topolansky Saavedra, 1944–, a fellow former guerrilla and his long-time companion. She has served as a legislative representative (2000–2005) and senator (2010–17), and in 2017 she became vice president of Uruguay after Raúl Fernando Sendic resigned.