Tulebaev, Mukan Tulebaevich
Born Feb. 28 (Mar. 13), 1913, in the village of Karachagan, in what is now Alma-Ata Oblast, Kazakh SSR; died Apr. 2, 1960, in Alma-Ata. Soviet composer and public figure. People’s Artist of the USSR (1959). Member of the CPSU from 1956.
In 1951, Tulebaev graduated from the Moscow Conservatory, where he studied composition with N. Ia. Miaskovskii and V. G. Fere. Together with E. G. Brusilovskii, he composed the opera Amangel’dy (1945), which was first performed at the Kazakh Theater of Opera and Ballet. His next opera, Birzhan and Sara (1946; State Prize of the USSR, 1949), was also staged by the Kazakh Theater of Opera and Ballet; the composer revised the opera in 1957. Tulebaev also composed orchestral and chamber works, music for films, and songs. In 1945, in collaboration with E. G. Brusilovskii and L. A. Khamidi, he wrote the music for the national anthem of the Kazakh SSR.
Tulebaev taught at the conservatory in Alma-Ata. He was chairman of the Composers’ Union of the Kazakh SSR from 1956 to 1960 and served as a deputy to the fourth and fifth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR. Tulebaev was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War Second Class and a medal.