Muklevich, Romuald

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Muklevich, Romual’d Adamovich


Born Nov. 25 (Dec. 7), 1890, in the settlement of Suprasl’, Grodno Province; died Feb. 9, 1938. Soviet military figure. Member of the Communist Party from 1906. Son of a Polish textile worker.

Muklevich entered the navy in 1912. He graduated from a motor mechanics’ school in Kronstadt in 1915 and remained at the school as a noncommissioned officer. Muklevich fought in the February and October Revolutions of 1917 and in the storming of the Winter Palace. He joined the Red Army in 1918. He was a commissar on the staff of the Sixteenth Army and on the staff of the Western Front in the Civil War of 1918–20. He became a member of the Revolutionary Miliʘary Council of the Western Front in April 1921. He served as commissar of the Military Academy of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army (RKKA) from 1922 to 1925. He became assistant chief of the air forces of the RKKA in 1925, and from August 1926 he was chief of the naval forces of the USSR and a member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR.

Muklevich took part in drawing up plans for developing the navy and in publishing the first combat regulations of the naval forces of the RKKA and the first ship regulations. He became inspector of the naval forces of the RKKA in 1931. He became head of the Central Board of the Shipbuilding Industry in 1934 and deputy people’s commissar of the defense industry in late 1936. Muklevich was a member of the Central Executive Committee and the All-Russian Central Executive Committee at several convocations. He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.