Mulk Raj Anand


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Anand, Mulk Raj

 

Born Dec. 12, 1905, in Peshawar. Indian writer and scholar. Writes in English. Graduated from the University of London in 1929; received Ph.D. from Punjabi University and became a professor there in 1962.

In 1936, together with Sajjad Zaheer, Anand organized the association of Progressive Indian Writers. He was a journalist during the Spanish Civil War and defended the cause of the Republicans (1937). In his early works, such as The Untouchable (1935) and The Village (1939), Anand described the abject life of the coolies, the untouchables, and the workers on the tea plantations. In novels and stories such as The Personal Life of an Indian Raja (1953), The Road (1961), and The Death of a Hero (1963), Anand denounced the vestiges of the colonial past, advocated the equality of all castes, and defended the rights of women. In his autobiographical dialogues Seven Summers (1951) and The Image of Dawn (1964), he depicted the making of a freedom-fighter. Anand’s works combine his own national tradition with features of the European and the Russian novel (for example, M. Gorky’s work). In his best novels, The Coolie (1936), The Sword and the Sickle (1942), and The Image of Dawn, he evidenced a tendency to socialist realism. He was awarded the International Peace Prize in 1953.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Kuli. Moscow, 1941.
Gauri. Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Tupikova, Iu. E. Mulk Radzh Anand. Moscow, 1955.
Anand, M. R. Biobibliografich. ukazatel’. Moscow, 1953.
Lindsay, J. Mulk Raj Anand: A Critical Essay. Bombay, 1948.
Contemporary Indian Literature: A Symposium. New Delhi, 1957.

IU. LEBEDEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The doyen of Indian writers Mulk Raj Anand welcomed me, both of us sheltering under a creased plastic awning from Mumbai's monsoons.
I recommend the republished brilliant and moving novel Across Black Waters, by Mulk Raj Anand."
Ray with Mulk Raj Anand (left) at the Jehangir Art Gallery, Bombay, 1956.
Here, given constraints of length, I simplify my account of these London-based Indian writers and present in sketch outline the case of two prime actors, the Indian writer Mulk Raj Anand and one of his CPGB patrons, Ralph Fox, who was both on the Central Committee of the British Party and affiliated with the Comintern.
Narayan (1906-2001), a prolific novelist and essayist was, together with Raja Rao (1908-2006) and Mulk Raj Anand (1905-2004), one of the writers who mostly contributed to the development of Indian writing in English.
First, it is an analysis of important Indian literary works of the 1930s, centering on Mulk Raj Anand's Untouchable (1936), Raja Rao's Kanthapura (1938), and Ahmed Ali's Twilight in Delhi (1940).
Mulk Raj Anand captured this trauma in his remarkable novel 'Across the Black Waters' (1939) where Lalu, the main protagonist and a Punjabi peasant, gets himself recruited in the army for the sole purpose of reclaiming the piece of land his family lost, as a reward for serving.
Tamasha, run by Kristine Landon-Smith and Sudha Bhuchar, turned the artistic gaze back to the sub-continent with its inaugural production of Mulk Raj Anand's 1935 lyrical novel Untouchable (written in English).
Topics include the cultural and political atmosphere of the India House hostel in Highgate, an ideological influence on Madan Lal Dhingra, the assassin of British colonial official Sir William Curzon Wyllie; the 1939-1949 strikes of nonunionized Indian seamen working British ships, the subtle relationship between elite resistance and imperialism as personified by the figures of Duleep Singh and Abdul Karim, both befriended by Queen Victoria; the involvement of Duleep Singh's daughter Sophia with the British suffragette movement; the relationship between South Asian and Irish nationalists in the interwar period; and the literary resistance of Mulk Raj Anand, among other subjects.
Arguably the most significant act of retrieval is Joannou's discussion of writers from Scotland (Jessie Kesson) and Wales (Kate Roberts and Lynette Roberts) who are not widely known outside of their own national communities and of Kamala Markandaya and Attia Hosain, both of whom were born in India, lived in London in the 1950s and deserve to be placed alongside such 'founding fathers' (p.135) of Indian writing in English as Mulk Raj Anand.
When the greatest of the great writers like Valmiki, Kamban and Kabir were Dalits, it was pointless to mention that Mulk Raj Anand wrote about the Untouchable and Arundhati Roy's Velutha was a Parayan by caste.
Ranging from well-known texts by Joyce, Rhys, and Woolf, to works more recently familiar such as Mulk Raj Anand's Coolie and Untouchable, as well as to obscure and difficult to access works by Indian women writers of the early twentieth century, Berman argues that they all can be seen as examples of a transnational practice of modernist engagement with local political situations through the narrative creation of an "as if' world of imagined possibility.