mung bean

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mung bean

an E Asian bean plant, Phaseolus aureus, grown for forage and as the source of bean sprouts used in oriental cookery

Mung Bean

 

(Phaseolus aureus), a species of annual herbaceous plants of the Phaseolus genus of the Leguminosae (pea) family. It originated from the wild species P. sublobatus. There are three subspecies—ssp. indicus, ssp. chinensis, and ssp. Iranicus.

The mung bean is 25-100 cm tall and very hairy, with a ramose stem that is erect, decumbent, or procumbent, and a taproot. The leaves are alternate, trifoliolate, and green. The flowers are golden yellow, growing in short racemes. The pods (beans) are narrow and cylindrical; they may be straight or curved, are 8-15 cm long, and contain seven to ten seeds. The ripe pods are nearly black. The seeds are rounded and cylindrical or barrel-shaped and may be green, yellow, or brown; 1,000 seeds weigh 25-80 g. The growing period for early ripening varieties in the USSR (such as Pobeda 104) is 80-100 days. The plants are heat- and moisture-loving. The seeds contain 24-28 percent protein, 46-50 percent starch, 2-4 percent oil, and vitamins. Mung beans are used as food in the form of groats, and the green beans and blanched sprouts are used as vegetables. The foliage is dried, ensiled, and plowed under as green manure; the straw and chaff are fed to livestock.

The mung bean is native to Southwest Asia, where it was first cultivated 5,000-6,000 years ago. Currently it is grown in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Burma, China, Vietnam, Japan, and elsewhere. In the USSR it is grown in Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasia, and southern Kazakhstan (in small fields), using irrigation; it is planted in the spring or after the harvest. The seed yield of the mung bean is 10-16 centners per hectare; the foliage yield, up to 200 centners per hectare.

N. R. IVANOV

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Sometimes described as growing wild, kei is nowadays rarely available in the Nage region and so is usually replaced by string beans (hobho) or another pulse (such as 'ube, the green gram or mungbean Phaseolus aureus).
2]) selection has been reported earlier in lentil (Solanki & Sharma, 2002), fieldpea (Singh, 1988) and Mungbean (Tickoo & Chandra, 1999).
A minimum of 2 winter crop species that included bread wheat (Triticum aestivum), durum wheat (Triticum turgidum), barley (Hordeum vulgare), triticale (X Triticosecale), oats (Avena sativa), chickpea (Cicer arietinum), faba bean (ViciaJitba), field pea (Allium cepa), lentil (Lens culinaris), lupins (Lupinus angustifolius), canola (Brassica napus), mustard (Brassica juncea), and safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) were used, and summer crop species including maize (Zea mays), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), sesame (Sesamum indicum), millet (Pennisetum glaucum), and mungbean (Phaseolus mungo) were tested in 4 trials.
2004) among mungbean management practices, plant densities greatly affect crop growth and then finally grain yield and is a key factor in the flexibility and yielding ability of cultivars.