Mungo Park

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Park, Mungo,

1771–1806, British explorer in Africa, b. Selkirk, Scotland. After serving as a surgeon with the East India Company, he was employed by the African Association to explore the course of the Niger River. Traveling NE from the Gambia River, he reached the Niger at Segu and proceeded 300 mi (483 km) upstream to Bamako. On his return to England he published Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa (1799). He was sent (1805) by the government to trace the Niger to its mouth, but at Bussa he and his party were attacked in their canoes and Park was drowned.


See J. Thomson, Mungo Park and the River Niger (1890, repr. 1970).

Park, Mungo


Born Sept. 10, 1771, in Foulshiels, Selkirkshire, Scotland; died in 1806. Scottish explorer of West Africa.

From 1795 to 1797, Park traveled from the mouth of the Gambia River eastward to the city of Ségou, on the upper Niger. He then traveled about 50 km down the river and collected information on the river’s course to Tombouctou (Timbuktu). In 1805–06 he descended the river from the Ségou area to rapids near the village of Bussa, on the lower Niger, where he drowned.


In Russian translation:
Puteshestvie vo vnutrennost’ Afriki …, parts 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1806–08.


Gornung, M. B., Iu. G., Lipets, and I. N. Oleinikov. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Afriki. Moscow, 1973.
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Freed from grinding poverty and an oppressive religion, their hidden talents burst forth producing great scientists like Joseph Black, philosophers like David Hume, pioneering economists like Adam Smith, groundbreaking engineers like James Watt and Thomas Telford, world-class explorers like Alexander Mackenzie and Mungo Park, and geologists like James Hutton.