Munis Khorezmi, Shir-Mukhammed Avazbiiogly

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Munis Khorezmi, Shir-Mukhammed Avazbiiogly


Born 1778 in Khwarazm; died 1829 in Khiva. Uzbek poet and historian.

Of noble birth, Munis Khorezmi received a good education and became a calligrapher and an expert on music. He inherited from his father the court post of mirab, “the distributor of water.”

Munis Khorezmi’s works include ghazals, which were consolidated in a divan (9,500 two-line bayts); the historical chronicle of Khwarazm Paradisiacal Garden of Happiness, which covers events up to 1812; and Treatise on Literacy. His chronicle was kept up until 1872 by his nephew and pupil, the poet Agakhi. This work contains a wealth of factual material.


Tänlängän äsärlär. Tashkent, 1957.
In Russian translation:
“Raiskii sad schast’ia.” In Materialy po istorii turkmen i Turkmenii, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Izbrannoe. Tashkent, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.