Murad I


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Murad I

(mo͞oräd`), 1326?–1389, Ottoman sultan (1362?–1389), son and successor of Orkhan to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). Murad widened the Ottoman hold on European territory, conquering Macedonia and making Adrianople his residence. He granted Muslims sections of conquered lands as fiefs (see feudalismfeudalism
, form of political and social organization typical of Western Europe from the dissolution of Charlemagne's empire to the rise of the absolute monarchies. The term feudalism is derived from the Latin feodum,
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). In 1373 he forced Byzantine Emperor John VJohn V
(John Palaeologus) , 1332–91, Byzantine emperor (1341–91), son and successor of Andronicus III. Forced to fight John VI (John Cantacuzene), who usurped the throne during his minority, he came into power in 1354.
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 to pay tribute. Murad began the policy of compelling Christian youths to join the army corps known as the JanissariesJanissaries
[Turk.,=recruits], elite corps in the service of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). It was composed of war captives and Christian youths pressed into service; all the recruits were converted to Islam and trained under the strictest discipline.
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. As a result of his victory at Kosovo FieldKosovo Field
, Serbian Kosovo Polje [field of the black birds], WSW of Priština, Kosovo, site of a battle in which the Turks under Sultan Murad I defeated Serbia and its Bosnian, Montenegrin, Bulgarian, and other allies in 1389.
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, Serbia came under Ottoman rule. However, Murad was assassinated in his tent by a Serbian warrior; his son Beyazid IBeyazid I
, 1347–1403, Ottoman sultan (1389–1402), son and successor of Murad I. He besieged Byzantine Emperor Manuel II at Constantinople, then overcame the Turkish rulers in E Anatolia and defeated the army of Sigismund of Hungary (see Sigismund, Holy Roman
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 succeeded him. The name also appears as Amurath.
References in periodicals archive ?
PRISTINA, Aug 11, 2009 (TUR) -- Turkish State Minister Faruk Celik attended a ceremony to commemorate Sultan Murad I in Kosovo on Monday.
Like many Palestinians born to Lebanese mothers, Murad is denied Lebanese citizenship and the medical coverage that goes with it.
KARACHI -- There could be no comparison between Punjab CM Usman Buzdar and Sindh CM Murad Ali Shah, as Buzdar is far ahead in performance and his character is spotless while Murad is tainted with allegation of corruption, said Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Sindh chapter general secretary and parliamentary leader in Sindh Assembly Haleem Adil Sheikh on Saturday.
KARACHI -- There could be no comparison between Punjab CM Usman Buzdar and Sindh CM Murad Ali Shah, as Buzdar is far ahead in performance and his character is spotless while Murad is tainted with allegation of corruption, claimed Pakistan Tehreek-Insaf (PTI) Sindh chapter general secretary and parliamentary leader in Sindh Assembly Haleem Adil Sheikh on Saturday.
He said Murad is a criminal of Sindh and he had to step down.
Murad is the first Iraqi to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Though Murad is going to be elected most likely, the low number will lower his morale.
Murad is about building youth through cellular health, not just surface moisture, Olia Botchev, Murad's vice president international, told reporters at a press event last Tuesday.
With eight doors at present, Murad is targeting an additional 10 locations by the close of 2015.
In the video, a man believed to be Father Murad is first seen sitting with his hands bound before being beheaded with a simple kitchen knife.
"It was like the Wild West, but we needed horses in the studio." Murad is a former guerrilla with a Palestinian group.
1 tbsp lecithin granules 1 tbsp ground flaxseed Sna??6 walnuts, palmful goji berries Lunch 235ml/8floz lentil soup wholewheat roll 1 apple 1 ap SSn???120g/4oz raw veg crudites with 120g/4oz low fat cottage cheese v1 c Dinn Dinner 235ml/8floz minestrone soup 120g/4oz grilled salmon 45g/11/2 oz cooked brown rice steamed fresh green beans Dessert 60g/2oz mixed fresh fruit topped with 60g/2oz plain yoghurt, and 1 tbsp raisins [bar]Dr Murad is author of The Cellulite Solution (pounds 9.99 at www.murad.co.uk).