Murad IV


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Murad IV,

1612?–1640, Ottoman sultan (1623–40), nephew and successor of Mustafa I. He recovered (1638) Baghdad, which Shah Abbas I of Persia had seized. On his victory he sent an order to murder his brother Beyazid. Murad possessed prodigious strength and ruled with ruthless severity. The Greek patriarch Cyril LucarisLucaris, Cyril
, 1572–1637, Greek churchman, b. Crete (then belonging to Venice). He studied at Venice and Padua and was elected patriarch of Alexandria (1602–20) and of Constantinople (1620–37).
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 was another of his victims. Murad was succeeded by his brother Ibrahim (reigned 1640–48) and Ibrahim's son Muhammad IV.
References in periodicals archive ?
Treatise on Building the Kaaba (Morocco, 1793 CE) recounts the 11 times the sacred structure was built, with details on architectural changes to the Kaaba after the death of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), and its reconstruction during the rule of Sultan Murad IV. History of Holy Mecca (Ottoman Printing Press Cairo, 1886 CE) is a culmination of efforts by Muslims to record the history of Makkah; a compilation of chronicles narrated by the companions of the Prophet, their successors and scholars.
He was rewarded for his achievement by Sultan Murad IV with gold coins, but was later exiled after numerous advisors of the sultan convinced him that Hezarafen was a threat to the sultanate.
If the property of dissident communities or groups is confiscated, this means we are reintroducing Murad IV's arbitrary confiscation method.
On the 9th of July 1628, the Grand Embassy of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II, led by Kuefstein, departed from Vienna to Istanbul to the court of the Ottoman Sultan Murad IV.
In addition, the "official" borderlines were signed between the Safavid Shah Safiuddin and the Ottoman caliph Sultan Murad IV, in 1639 A.D., and led to the final official division of Kurdistan.
Turan Oflazoolu's masterful portrayal of the reign of the mad sultan Ibrahim (16401648), who was dragged from the "cage" and forced to succeed his brother, Murad IV, has been described as the best drama ever written on Ottoman history.
Si usted considera que las recientes medidas para prohibir a los fumadores que fumen en espacios publicos son criticables, compare la severidad de la prohibicion en el siglo XVII, donde el sultan otomano Murad IV declaro la pena de muerte para todos los fumadores en su Imperio.
(The ban was overturned 14 years later.) A century later, the Turkish sultan Murad IV became alarmed that coffeehouses were centers of political criticism, so he enacted the 1633 version of campaign finance reform: Coffee was banned, cafes destroyed, and drinkers beaten or beheaded.
The anti-tobacco movement, ever the loser against a wily, deep-pocketed industry, seemed on the verge of winning its most thorough victory since 1633, when Sultan Murad IV ordered tobacco users executed as infidels.
Some cultures reacted harshly to the plant and its users: Murad IV, the ruler of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, is believed to have had 25,000 smokers killed during his reign, and Japan banned smoking five times before giving up.
Nef'i became famous as a court panegyrist and also as a powerful satirist during the time of Sultan Murad IV (1623-40).