Rupert Murdoch

(redirected from Murdoch, Rupert)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Murdoch, Rupert: Rupert Grint
Rupert Murdoch
Keith Rupert Murdoch
BirthplaceMelbourne, Victoria
Chairman and CEO of News Corporation (1979–2013)
Executive Chairman of News Corp (2013–)
Chairman and CEO of 21st Century Fox (2013–)
EducationWorcester College, Oxford

Murdoch, Rupert

(Keith Rupert Murdoch), 1931–, Australian-American publishing magnate. Combining sensationalist journalism (often reflective of his generally hawkish, strongly conservative political views) with aggressive promotion, Murdoch established a worldwide communications empire, the News Corporation, that, among other assets, includes powerful holdings in Australia and New Zealand; the prestigious Times of London and other widely read British papers; and, in the United States, HarperCollins book publishers, the New York Post, TV Guide, and the Wall Street Journal. He also acquired 20th Century Fox film studios and home video and built the Fox Television network, as well as television stations in Australia. His other communications ventures include direct-broadcast satellite television and cable networks, and he has purchased broadcast rights to major sports events in Britain, the United States, Australia, and India. He became a U.S. citizen in 1985. In 2011 his British papers were hit by a scandal concerning the use of phone hacking and police bribery in news gathering, which led to the closure of one paper, prominent arrests (including that of a former aide to Prime Minister Cameron) and resignations (including that of his son James in 2012), and British and U.S. investigations. A British parliamentary investigation into the scandal criticized (2012) Murdoch personally and called him unfit to head a major international company. In 2013 most of the television and film businesses were separated from the News Corporation, becoming 21st Century Fox. Its film and a number of its television businesses were acquired by the Walt Disney Co. in 2019; the Fox network, news, and television-station business were retained, as the Fox Corp.


See biography by N. Chenoweth (2002); M. Wolff, The Man Who Owns the News (2008).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
James Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch's son is due to appear next week before the powerful parliamentary committee investigating the scandal.
The BBC star was also among guests at a garden party thrown by PR man Matthew Freud and his wife Elisabeth Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch's daughter, at their Oxfordshire mansion this month.
One candidate for promotion is Sky Networks managing director Elisabeth Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch's daughter, who as head of programming was opposite West.