Murnau, Friedrich W.

Murnau, Friedrich W.

(frē`drĭkh mo͝or`nou), 1889–1931, German film director, b. as Friedrich W. Plumpe. He began directing films in Germany in 1919 and went to Hollywood in 1927. Murnau's films, especially those made in collaboration with writer Carl Meyer, are noted for their fluid, expressionistic use of the camera to depict states of mind, an alternative stylistic model to the editing-centered works of Sergei EisensteinEisenstein, Sergei Mikhailovich
, 1898–1948, Russian film director. An architect and engineer, he became interested in a theatrical career and worked as a scene designer and stage director (1920).
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. His best-known works are Nosferatu (1922), The Last Laugh (1924), Faust (1926), and the American films Sunrise (1927), Our Daily Bread (1930), and Tabu (1931).
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