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(mo͞o`rəm), city (1989 pop. 124,000), W central European Russia, on the Oka River. It is a port and a rail junction, with railroad repair shops and machinery, woodworking, and textile industries. First mentioned in the chronicles in 862, it became the capital of the Murom principality in the 12th cent. The city was ravaged by Mongols in the 13th cent., and in 1393 it passed to the grand duchy of Moscow. In medieval times, Murom was an important trade center on the Oka-Volga water route. The city has a cathedral and some monasteries dating from the 16th and 17th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city under oblast jurisdiction, the administrative center of Murom Raion, Vladimir Oblast, RSFSR. Landing on the left bank of the Oka River; junction of railroad lines to Moscow, Kovrov, and Kazan. Population, 105,000 (1973; 12,500 in 1897; 40,000 in 1939; 72,000 in 1959).

Murom was first mentioned in the Lavrent’ev chronicles for 862. It became the capital of the Murom-Riazan principality in 1097 and served as the capital of the Murom principality from the mid-12th to the early 15th century. It became a part of the Grand Principality of Moscow in 1392 and a district city in 1778.

Murom developed according to a radial plan until 1788, at which time a regular plan was introduced. Churches in the city include the Church of Cosmas and Damian (1565; roof collapsed in 1868) and the Voskresenskaia Church (from 1658, with a covered gallery and tent-roofed porch). Murom is the site of a number of monasteries with structures from the 16th to 19th centuries, including the Spasskii Monastery (cathedral, from the second half of the 16th century), the Troitskii Monastery (cathedral, 1642–43; the Kazan Church [1648] and the bell tower [1652] are joined by a covered passageway), and the Blagoveshchenskii Monastery (cathedral, 1664; the Stefanovskaia Church, 1716). There are mid-19th-century market rows and dwellings in the classical style.

Contemporary Murom is an important industrial center. It has machine-building (diesel locomotives, electric locomotives, and Oka refrigerators), radio (radiograms, radio receivers for motor vehicles, electric musical instruments), wood-products (plywood combine), and linen-processing industries. There is a branch of the All-Union Correspondence Machine-building Institute, a medical school, and a pedagogical college. The city has a museum of local lore and is the site of a house-museum in memory of I. S. Kulikov, a painter who lived and worked in Murom. There is a bronze monument to V. I. Lenin by the sculptor Iu. G. Neroda, which was erected in 1962.


Mongait, A. Murom. Murom, 1947.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Corresponding Author: Bykov Artem Aleksandrovich, Murom Institute (branch) Federal state budgetary Educatioal Institution of Higher Professional Education "Vladimir State University named after Alexader Grigoryevich and Nikolay Grigoryevich Stoletov" 602264, Russia, Murom, Orlovskaya str., 23
Ivan IV himself highlighted the connection between Orthodox ritual and conquest by stopping in Vladimir and Murom for blessings at their cathedrals.
If in the first half of the century Tatars were dominating, controlling regions of Nizhniy Novgorod, Murom, Klinskoe, and Vladimir; 1552 is recognized as the downfall of Kazan.
Walking along the paths at the Kizhi out-door museum, you also come across the tiny church of the Resurrection of St Lazarus, moved to the island from the Murom monastery.
One of the favorite heroes is the independent peasant Ilya of Murom, who defended the Kievan Rus from the Tatar khans.
Sergius Monastery village of Dubrovo in the Murom district, the monastery servant Iakov Gnusin was shaving his beard while peasants were preparing feed for the cattle.
In 1937 she bought a house in the village of Murom, on the bank of the Oka river.
A few, like the Anglo-Saxon Beowulf and the Russian Ilya of Murom, are dark horses, slow to develop.
In March 1588, after returning with an embassy from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, he was transferred to service in the Chancellery of the Kazan Palace, as a consequence of which the Chancellery of the Great Revenue ceased to include a tax district and consequently, no longer received tax district incomes from territories subordinate to Druzhina Petelin (Sol' Vychegodskaia, Kostroma, Toropets, Kargopol', Turchasov, Murom, and Pereslavl'-Zalesskii).
Ilya, of Murom also called Ilya MurometsA hero of the oldest known Old Russian byliny, traditional heroic folk chants.