Muroma

Muroma

 

a tribe related to the Mordva that lived along the banks of the Oka River in present-day Murom Raion, Vladimir Oblast. The Muroma language was related to the Finno-Ugric group. The culture of the Muroma is known from archaeological remains of fortified towns from the first millennium B.C. to the early part of the first millennium A.D., and from burial grounds and settlements of the first millennium A.D. The occupations of the Muroma were livestock breeding, farming, fur trapping, fishing, gathering of wild honey, iron metallurgy, and copper-casting anʘ jewelry handicrafts. Trade, mainly with the European part of the Ural region, played an important role. In the tenth and 11th centuries, the Muroma paid tribute to Rus’; in the 12th century they were completely russianized.

REFERENCES

Smirnov, A. P. Ocherki drevnei i srednevekovoi istorii narodov Srednego Povolzh’ia i Prikam’ia. Moscow, 1952. (In the series Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 28.)
Goriunova, E. I. Etnicheskaia istoriia Volgo-Okskogo mezhdurech’ia. Moscow, 1961. (In the series Materialy i issledovanüa po arkheologii SSSR, no. 94.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Several authors have reported that the bacterial growth may be stimulated by low concentrations of rare earth elements both in vitro (Muroma, 1958) and in vivo (Monafo et al., 1976).
73, "[A copy of] the Vladimir Mother of God, with Miracles Worked by the Icon in 18 Scenes" (1580s), concerned primarily with the original icon's (apocryphal) miraculous intervention to save Rus' from the invasion of Tamerlane in 1395; Ikony Muroma, nos.
(44) Here is a summary of how much material is now available in the books reviewed here: Ikony Iaroslavlia 13-16th vekov (the earliest and briefest volume): 66 icons from 21 sites; Ikony Muroma: 77 icons from 17 sites; Ikony Kirillo-Belozerskogo muzeia: 101 icons from 13 sites; Ikony Pskova: 120 icons from 21 sites; Ikony Rostova Velikogo: 120 icons from 35 sites; and Ikony stroganovskikh votchin: 103 icon descriptions, large reproductions of 80 icons.