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Murray.1 City (1990 pop. 14,439), seat of Calloway co., SW Ky., near the Tenn. line; inc. 1844. There is light manufacturing. Tobacco and grain are grown, livestock and poultry are raised, and there is dairying. Murray is in a popular tourist and retirement area, near state parks and a recreational area operated by the Tennessee Valley Authority. Murray State Univ. is there.
2 City (1990 pop. 31,282), Salt Lake co., N central Utah; inc. 1903. It is a retail center with light manufacturing. There is dairying, and cattle and sheep are raised. The county fairgrounds are in Murray.
Murray,principal and second-longest river of Australia, 1,609 mi (2,589 km) long, rising in the Australian Alps, SE New South Wales, and flowing westward to form the New South Wales–Victoria boundary. It then flows southwest across South Australia state through Lake Alexandrina, a lagoon, into the Indian Ocean. It receives its main tributary, the DarlingDarling,
river, 1,702 mi (2,739 km) long, rising in the Eastern Highlands, NE New South Wales and SE Queensland, Australia, and flowing SW across New South Wales into the Murray River at Wentworth. It is the longest river in Australia.
..... Click the link for more information. River, Australia's longest river, at Wentworth. The Murray-Darling watercourse is 2,911 mi (4,685 km) long but is of little use for navigation except in the lower reaches. Used primarily for irrigation, the Murray has numerous hydroelectric plants and reservoirs, including Hume Reservoir. The Murray and the MurrumbidgeeMurrumbidgee
, river, c.1,050 mi (1,690 km) long, rising in the Australian Alps, SE New South Wales, Australia, and flowing generally W to the Murray River on the Victoria border.
..... Click the link for more information. , a tributary and Australia's third-longest river, receive most of the diverted water from the Snowy Mts. Hydroelectric Scheme. The combined Murray-Darling basin supports more than 40% of Australia's agriculture, including more than 90% of domestic fresh food production.
the largest river in Australia. Length, 2,570 km (3,750 km from the source of the Darling River). Drains an area of 1.16 million sq km. The river rises on the western slopes of the Snowy Mountains in the Australian Alps and empties into Lake Alexandrina, a shallow bay that has been cut off from the Indian Ocean by a man-made bar to prevent salinization.
The Murray flows largely through an arid plain, which is the most important agricultural region of Australia. The main tributaries on the right are the Murrumbidgee and the Darling. The river is fed by snow and rain, and during the spring and summer (the rainy season) the water level rises greatly. In the dry season (winter) a majority of the tributaries dry up without reaching the main river, and the Murray becomes very shallow. The average annual rate of flow is 470 cu m per sec, and the average annual discharge is 14.8 cu km. Shallow-draft vessels can travel up the river as far as Albury. The presence of the bar at the mouth prevents steamship communication with the seaports.
The waters of the river are used for irrigation. Among the reservoirs located on the Murray and its tributaries are the Hume and Lake Victoria. Hydroelectric plants built in the basin of the Murray include the Hume on the Murray River (50 megawatts) and the Burrinjuck on the Murrumbidgee River (20 megawatts). There is fishing on the river and fish breeding in the reservoirs. Major hydroengineering construction is under way in the Snowy Mountains to shift the waters of the Snowy River and its tributaries across the Australian Alps into the Murray system for irrigation and for the construction of hydroelectric plants.