Rawalpindi

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Rawalpindi

(räwəlpĭn`dē), city (1998 pop. 1,406,214), NE Pakistan. It occupies the site of an old village inhabited by the Rawals, a tribe of Yogis. A railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center, the city has an oil refinery, gasworks, an iron foundry, railroad yards, a brewery, sawmills, and factories making tents, textiles, hosiery, pottery, and leather goods. Sikhs settled the area in 1765 and invited nearby traders to live in Rawalpindi. After the British occupied the PunjabPunjab
[Pers.,=five rivers], historic region in the NW of the Indian subcontinent. Since 1947 it has been separated into an Indian state and a Pakistani province bearing the same name. The Indus River bounds the region in part of the west and the Yamuna River in part of the east.
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 (1849), it became a major British military outpost. In 1919 a peace treaty ending the Third Afghan War was signed by British and Afghan representatives at Rawalpindi. The city, strategically located astride the road between the Punjab and Kashmir, is Pakistan's army headquarters. From 1959 to 1970, it was the interim capital of Pakistan. Six colleges affiliated with the Univ. of the Punjab, a polytechnic school, a police training institute, and an armed forces medical college are in Rawalpindi.

Rawalpindi

 

a city in Punjab Province, Pakistan, on the Leh Nala. Population, 615,000 (1972).

Rawalpindi, an important economic and cultural center of Pakistan, is situated on routes from Punjab to Afghanistan and Kashmir. The city has been of great commercial and military strategic importance since ancient times. Its territory practically merges with that of Pakistan’s new capital, Islamabad. Rawalpindi, a transportation hub and a trade and industrial center, has food-and-condiment, textile (knitted goods and cotton, silk, and wool fabrics), footwear, pharmaceutical, oil-refining, metalworking, machine-building (mainly repair and assembly shops), and cement industries. Various crafts flourish in the city. There are oil fields near Rawalpindi.

Before the Common Era the ancient city of Gajipur was probably situated on the present-day site of Rawalpindi. In the Middle Ages it was the site of the city of Fatihpur Baori, which was destroyed by the Mongols in the early 14th century. Later the city was restored by Rawal Khan, the chief of the Ghakkar tribe, who named it after himself. Rawalpindi was under Sikh rule in the first half of the 19th century but was captured by the British colonialists in 1849. Until 1947 it was an important British military base in India. A fort and an arsenal were built, and a strong garrison and the staff of the colonial army were stationed in the city. Rawalpindi’s importance increased after the formation of Pakistan in 1947. The constitution of 1962 made the city the temporary capital of Pakistan pending the construction nearby of the new capital, Islamabad.

Rawalpindi

an ancient city in N Pakistan: interim capital of Pakistan (1959--67) during the building of Islamabad. Pop.: 1 794 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The motorists have no option except to remain stuck in traffic jam on Murree road, Liaquat Road, College Road, Raja Bazaar, Marrir Hassan, Tench Bhatta, Mall road and other roads of the city.
Rainy water gushed out flooding several houses and shops in the areas of Bohar Bazaar, Moti Bazaar, Sadiqabad, Javed Colony, Arya Mohalla, Chandni Chowk, Dhoke Hassu, Dhoke Elahi Bux, Nadim Colony, Commercial Market, Jamia Masjid Road, Murree Road, Adra Mohalla, Mall Road, Lane 4 of Westridge, Adiala Road, Dhoke Jumma and other localities.
Mr Bukhari added that the project will be tricky to carry out on Murree Road, as construction would disturb traffic.
FIR against owners who constructed illegal commercial plazas at Murree Road in connivance with officers of TMA Rawal Town included Aziz Ullah Owner of China Centre, Dr.
CTP has made all arrangements to regulate traffic on Murree Road during the construction period, he said and urged the
Abdul Sattar said that many roads of Saddar linked with Murree road including Bank road, Adam Jee Road, Saadi Road were closed due to which shopkeepers and citizens have been facing problems and he demanded to open these roads.
Talking to reporter Chief Traffic Officer (CTO) Rawalpindi Yousaf Ali Shahid said, City Traffic Police (CTP) officials were making all out efforts under a plan formulated to regulate city traffic and facilitate the motorists during construction period of underpass, being constructed near Gulshandadan Khan Jamia Mosque at Murree Road.
The government has sought technical consultation about the feasibility of the project and additional deputy commissioner general Rawalpindi has given indication to include signal free Murree road project in the annual development project of the current fiscal year.
The district government should open Murree Road by 2pm today (Wednesday) or else we will close Double Road by erecting barricades,' said the representatives of Anjuman-e-Tajran Faizabad while addressing the protestors on Tuesday.
To keep the flow of traffic straight on Murree road T-junction will be made on the U-turn of Kohati Gate and Liaqat Bagh.
Talking to reporter he said, City Traffic Police (CTP) have formulated a traffic plan to regulate city traffic and facilitate the motorists during construction period of underpass, being constructed near Gulshandadan Khan Jamia Mosque at Murree Road.
As per RDA officials, estimated cost of Rs 50 million will be spent on the 5 U-Turns of Murree road from Faizabad to Mareer Chowk.