Murrow, Edward Roscoe

Murrow, Edward Roscoe,

1908–65, American news broadcaster, b. Greensboro, N.C. He joined the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) in 1935 and became its European director two years later, assembling and training a news staff to cover the impending war. As a CBS war correspondent (1939–45) Murrow was noted for dramatic and accurate radio broadcasts from London during the Battle of BritainBattle of Britain,
in World War II, series of air battles between Great Britain and Germany, fought over Britain from Aug. to Oct., 1940. As a prelude to a planned invasion of England, the German Luftwaffe attacked British coastal defenses, radar stations, and shipping. On Aug.
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. He served the network as vice president and director of public affairs (1945–47) and news analyst (1947–61), producing and broadcasting the popular television programs Person to Person and See It Now, on which in 1954 he challenged the practices of Sen. Joseph R. McCarthyMcCarthy, Joseph Raymond,
1908–57, U.S. senator from Wisconsin (1947–57), b. near Appleton, Wis. He practiced law in Wisconsin and became (1940) a circuit judge. He served with the U.S. marines in the Pacific in World War II, achieving the rank of captain.
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. Murrow was director of the U.S. Information Agency from 1961 to 1964.

Bibliography

See biographies by A. Kendrick (1969) and A. M. Sperber (1986); studies by S. Cloud and L. Olson (1996), M. Bernstein and A. Lubertozzi (2003), and B. Edwards (2004); The Edward R. Murrow Collection, (VCR, 1991; DVD, 2005).

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