House Mouse

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House Mouse

 

(Mus musculus), a mammal of the family Muridae of the order Rodentia. The body measures 7-10.8 cm long and the tail, 4.2-10.2 cm. The house mouse is distributed almost throughout the world, except the arctic and antarctic. It is a wild species of southern origin. It utilizes the foodstuffs and domiciles of man, as a result of which it has extended its natural area of distribution greatly, living almost everywhere. Under natural conditions it digs short simple burrows or uses those of other rodents. The female gives birth to five-seven offspring. The house mouse is omnivorous. Under favorable wintering conditions and when there is abundant food, massive reproduction is possible and its numbers increase enormously. It is a pest of grain crops and destroys and fouls foodstuffs. Further, it harbors the carriers of plague; in southern regions it is the chief source of human infection with tularemia. The house mouse served as the starting point for breeding pure strains of mice used in genetic and other experimental work as laboratory animals.

REFERENCES

Argiropulo, A. I. Semeistvo Muridaemyshi. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940. (Fauna SSSR. Mlekopytaiushchie, vol. 3, fasc. 5.)
Tupikova, N. V. “Ekologiia domovoi myshi srednei polosy SSSR.”
In Materialy k poznaniiu fauny i flory SSSR; fasc. 2: Fauna i ekologiia gryzunov. Moscow, 1947.
Freye, H. A., and H. Freye. Die Hausmaus. Wittenberg, 1960.

N. V. TUPIKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
2008: Biometrical characteristics comparison of two sympatric species of the Mus genus--Mus spicilegus and Mus musculus from eastern Slovakia.
We identified three type of rodent communities: Mus musculus and Mus booduga (Community 1), Nesokia indica and Tatera indica (Community 2), Glounda elliotti and Millardia meltada (Community 3).
[21] in Ecuador, who reported 11.4% of positivity for Rattus rattus and 0% for Mus musculus. In contrast, these frequencies differ with those reported by Yefi-Quinteros et al.
No significant differences, especially the texture and consistency of the kidneys of mice (Mus musculus) during given collagen extract (30 days) at different doses, except for color
Este es un estudio observacional de tipo descriptivo que determino el desarrollo embrionario del primer molar inferior en preparaciones histologicas a 4X y 10X tenidas con hematoxilina-eosina, obtenidas de 24 embriones de raton Mus musculus cepa Albino Suizo.
Experimental Hosts: Chick (Gallus gallus domesticus), duck (Cairina moschata), mouse (Mus musculus), rat (Rattus norvegicus).
Ghoshal y colaboradores en 1989 describieron el estomago del raton Mus musculus en dos partes bien diferenciadas: La porcion izquierda, no glandular, denominada proventriculo o panza; y la porcion derecha glandular, denominada ventriculo, la cual presenta paredes gruesas en el raton adulto (5) (Fig.
El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar los resultados obtenidos para la estimacion de abundancias poblacionales de Sigmodon hirsutus y Mus musculus, por medio del metodo del exito de captura con y sin la aplicacion del factor de correccion con el proposito de establecer la relevancia de considerar la aplicacion de dicho factor en el diagnostico de poblaciones de roedores plaga.
The xanthone extract was administered for two weeks on Webster white mice (Mus musculus) Linn.
Allen (13 individuos) Neacomys tenuipes Thomas (3 individuos); Heteromys australis Thomas (3 individuos); Melanomys caliginosus Tomes (3 individuos); y Mus musculus Linnaeus (1 individuo).