Muscidae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Muscidae

[′məs·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
A family of myodarian cyclorrhaphous dipteran insects in the subsection Calypteratae; includes the houseflies, stable flies, and allies.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Muscidae

 

(typical muscids), a family of insects of the order Diptera. The body length measure 2–15 mm. The coloration is usually dark; more rarely it is yellow or with a dark blue or green metallic sheen. The body is covered with hairs and setae. There are about 5,000 species, which are widely distributed in all parts of the world. In the Palearctic there are more than 800 species.

Most of the Muscidae feed on decomposing organic matter, on plant juices, on manure, and on human feces; however, some are predators and still others are bloodsuckers. The majority of Muscidae deposit eggs, as many as 2,000 in a lifetime; a few species are viviparous. The larvae develop in decomposing organic matter, in manure, and, occasionally, in living tissues of plants and animals. In some species the larvae are predators, mostly feeding on the larvae of coprophagous flies. Other Muscidae larvae parasitize the Acridoidea and the Aculeata.

There are more than 50 species living commensally with man, for example, the housefly (Musca domestica), the market fly, (Musca sorbens), and the stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans). These species are carriers of causative agents of diseases that infect man and animals, such as cholera, dysentery, certain eye diseases, anthrax, and trypanosomiases. Certain larvae of Muscidae cause myiases in man and animals; others are herbivorous and damage cultivated plants. The herbivorous larvae include the cabbage-root maggot (Hlemyia brassicae), the onion maggot (Hyelemyia antiqua), the beet leaf-miner (Pegomyia hyosciami), and the seed-corn maggot (Hyelemyia cilicrura). Control of pest species of Muscidae involves the strict observance of sanitary and hygienic laws in populated areas. Spraying of breeding grounds and domestic premises with various insecticides is highly effective.

REFERENCES

Zimin, L. S. Sem. Muscidae: Nastoiashchie mukhi (Triby Muscini Stomoxydini). Moscow-Leningrad, 1951. (Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye dvukrylye, vol. 18, fasc. 4.)
Zimin L. S., and K. Iu. El’berg. “Sem. Muscidae—Nastoiashchie mukhi.” In Opredelitel nasekomykh Evropeiskoi chasti SSSR, vol. 5, part 2. Leningrad, 1970.

V. F. ZAITSEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inheritance mode and mechanisms of resistance to imidacloprid in the house fly Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) from China.
Longoseius brachypoda (Acari: Digamasellidae) collected from necrophagous fly Ophyra aenescens (Diptera: Muscidae) in Terenos city, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil.
Life table of Synthesiomyia nudiseta (Van der Wulp) (Diptera: Muscidae) under uncontrolled laboratory environments: a preliminary study.
Movement and distribution of house flies (Diptera: Muscidae) between habitats in two livestock farms.
It is interesting to note that the current record, also of a Linognathus sp., originates from the same locality, and thus represents the first record of the same genus of lice being transported phoretically by more than one fly family (Culicidae and Muscidae).
Maximum likelihood phylogenetic trees were generated from COI nucleotide sequences of 10 Muscidae and 6 Sarcophagidae fly species.
Algunos estudios en ambientes templados registran a las familias Calliphoridae, Sarcophagidae y Muscidae (incluyendo Fanniinae) como las mas abundantes y dominantes en la comunidad de artropodos descomponedores.
(1) Species in the families Muscidae, Calliphoridae, and Sarcophagidae are of particular interest to military vector control specialists because of their ability to rapidly degrade troop health through mechanical transmission of enteric pathogens such as the causal agents of dysentery and cholera.
Insecticide resistance and cross-resistance in the house fly (Diptera: Muscidae), J.