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see micamica
, general term for a large group of minerals, hydrous silicates of aluminum and potassium, often containing magnesium, ferrous iron, ferric iron, sodium, and lithium and more rarely containing barium, chromium, and fluorine.
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(from Muscovy, the old name for Russia, from where large sheets of the mineral were exported to the West under the name of Muscovy glass), a mineral from the mica group with the empirical formula KA12[[AlSi3O10] • (OH)2. Crystals are tabular and in the monoclinic system. Basal cleavage is extremely perfect. Muscovite is easily split into very thin sheets. This is caused by its crystalline structure, which is composed of three-layer packets of two sheets of aluminum-oxygen and silicon-oxygen tetrahedrons connected through a layer of octahedrons, in the center of which are located aluminum ions, each surrounded by four oxygen ions and two OH groups. One-third of the octahedrons are not filled with aluminum ions. The packets are interconnected through potassium ions.

Muscovite has a hardness on Mohs’ scale of 2.5–3; its density is 2,760–3,100 kg/m3. The mineral is usually colorless; sometimes, light brown, pale green, or other colors. Its luster is vitreous; on the cleavage planes the luster is pearly or silvery. Muscovite is sometimes found as cryptocrystalline masses with a silky luster. In this form it is called sericite.

Muscovite is a widespread mineral and is found as a component of magmagene rocks and also metamorphic rocks such as granites, granite pegmatites, syenites, greisens, crystalline schists, and gneisses. Of industrial significance is the muscovite recovered from pegmatite veins, where the mineral occurs as large crystals or as accumulations measuring 1–2 m thick.

Muscovite is most frequently used in electrical insulation. In industry, it is used in the form of sheet mica (for insulators, condensers, and telephones), mica powder (for roofing paper, mica board, and fireproof paints), and mica products (for electrical insulating gaskets in electric instruments). In the USSR, muscovite deposits are found on the Kola Peninsula and in Eastern Siberia near Mama and Kanska. Muscovite is also found in India, the Malagasy Republic, Canada, the United States, and Brazil.


KAl2(AlSi3)O10(OH)2 One of the mica group of minerals, occurring in some granites and abundant in pegmatites; it is colorless, whitish, or pale brown, and the crystals are tabular sheets with prominent base and hexagonal or rhomboid outline; hardness is 2-2.5 on Mohs scale, and specific gravity is 2.7-3.1. Also known as common mica; mirror stone; moscovite; Muscovy glass; potash mica; white mica.


1. a native or inhabitant of Moscow
2. an archaic word for Russian
References in periodicals archive ?
Likhachev argued that Muscovite culture under Ivan IV was dominated by what he called "second monumentalism.
The rocks correspond to actinolite schists and chlorite schists (Figure 3a and 3b) with mineral assemblages as follows: actinolite + chlorite + quartz + plagioclase (albite) + epidote minerals [+ or -] muscovite [+ or -] calcite.
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Dubnow (1916:242-261) actually believed that the experience of the Judaisers had "struck terror to the hearts of the pious Muscovites," traumatising them to the extent that they could not tolerate the presence of actual Jews.
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Grieving Muscovites added to heaps of flowers and placed photographs of the dead under memorial plaques at the stations.
Muscovites continue to exchange horror stories of being stuck in traffic for up to seven hours that day, as nearly 3,000 road accidents were reported around the capital.
evidence overwhelmingly indicates that the Bible in general and the Old Testament in particular, loomed far larger in the historical imagination of Muscovites than did any image of Rome.
The five-night Beetroot New Year's Party features one less night in both cities and arrives in the capital in time to see how Muscovites - with the help of some of the world's most stylish nightlife - welcome in a new year.
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